Tendency to worry, nervousness; shrewdness, perceptiveness
ETYM Latin intellectus, from intelligere, intellectum, to understand: cf. intellect. Related to Intelligent.
1 > The part or faculty of the human mind by which it knows.
2 > The power to judge and comprehend.
3 > The thinking faculty; understanding.
Aspect of the mind concerned with cognitive processes, such as remembering, imagining, conceptualizing, reasoning, understanding, and judging. The term is also used to refer to these rational, or higher, thought processes.
ETYM French intelligence, Latin intelligentia, intellegentia. Related to Intelligent.
In psychology, a general concept that summarizes the abilities of an individual in reasoning and problem solving, particularly in novel situations. These consist of a wide range of verbal and nonverbal skills and therefore some psychologists dispute a unitary concept of intelligence. In military and political affairs, information, often secretly or illegally obtained, about other countries. Counter-intelligence is information on the activities of hostile agents. Much intelligence is gained by technical means, such as satellites and the electronic interception of data.
The Central Intelligence Agency is responsible for gathering foreign intelligence and for coordinating the reports of the several independent intelligence agencies. These include military intelligence branches within each armed service; the National Security Agency, responsible for technical intelligence gathering; and intelligence officers within the State Department and other executive agencies. Domestic intelligence is the responsibility of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Double agents are motivated by money, ideology, or dissatisfaction to provide information to the ostensible enemy, often doing great damage.
Moles are double agents who betray their own security services. Sleepers are agents who assume a normal life in the target country, often inactive for years until needed.
1 > The ability to comprehend; to understand and profit from experience.
2 > Secret information about an enemy (or potential enemy).
3 > A unit responsible for gathering and interpreting intelligence.
4 > The operation of gathering information about an enemy | SYN: intelligence activity, intelligence operation.
ETYM as. mynd, gemynd.
1 > That which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason | SYN: head, brain, psyche, nous.
2 > Knowledge and intellectual ability | SYN: intellect.
3 > One's intention; what one intends to do | SYN: idea.
4 > Recall or remembrance.
5 > Attention.
6 > An intellectual being | SYN: thinker.
In philosophy, the presumed mental or physical being or faculty that enables a person to think, will, and feel; the seat of the intelligence and of memory; sometimes only the cognitive or intellectual powers, as distinguished from the will and the emotions.
Mind may be seen as synonymous with the merely random chemical reactions within the brain, or as a function of the brain as a whole, or (more traditionally) as existing independently of the physical brain, through which it expresses itself, or even as the only reality, matter being considered the creation of intelligence. The relation of mind to matter may be variously regarded. Traditionally, materialism identifies mental and physical phenomena equally in terms of matter and motion. Dualism holds that mind and matter exist independently side by side. Idealism maintains that mind is the ultimate reality and that matter does not exist apart from it.
ETYM Old Eng. resoun, French raison, from Latin ratio (akin to Goth. rathjô number, account, garathjan to count, German rede speech, reden to speak), from reri, ratus, to reckon, believe, think. Related to Arraign, Rate, Ratio, Ration.
1 > A fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion.
2 > A rational motive for a belief or action | SYN: ground.
3 > An explanation of the cause of some phenomenon.
4 > The capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination | SYN: understanding, intellect.
ETYM Latin sanitas, from sanus sound, healthy. Related to Sane. Normal or sound powers of mind | SYN: saneness.
ETYM Latin sensus, from sentire, sensum, to perceive, to feel, from the same root as Eng. send; cf. Old High Germ. sin sense, mind, sinnan to go, to journey, German sinnen to meditate, to think: cf. French sens.
In mathematics, the orientation of a vector. Each vector has an equivalent vector of the opposite sense. The combined effect of two vectors of opposite sense is a zero vector.
(Homonym: cents, scent).
1 > A general conscious awareness.
2 > A natural appreciation.
3 > The faculty through which the external world is apprehended | SYN: sensation, sentience, sentiency, sensory faculty.
4 > The meaning of a word or expression; or.
5 > What one must know in order to determine the reference of an expression | SYN: intension, connotation.
ETYM AS. witt, wit; akin to OFries. wit, German witz, Old High Germ. wizzî, Icel. vit, Dan. vid, Swed. vett. Related to Wit. (Homonym: whit). A message whose ingenuity or verbal skill or incongruity has the power to evoke laughter | SYN: humor, humour, witticism, wittiness.
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