1 > A specific practice of long standing | SYN: tradition.
2 > Accepted practice | SYN: usage.
3 > Habitual patronage.
Duties, tolls, or imposts imposed by the sovereign law of a country on imports or exports. Usually singular in construction; the agency, establishment, or procedure for collecting such customs
Tax imposed on goods coming into the country from abroad. In the UK, it is the responsibility of the Customs and Excise to collect these duties. The taxes collected are paid directly to the European Union (EU) as part of the UK's contribution to the EU budget.
ETYM From Due.
1 > The social force that binds one to one's obligations and the courses of action demanded by that force.
2 > Work that one is obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons.
Moral obligation experienced as a felt commandment of the moral law. Moral conflicts occur where a number of duties make apparently irreconcilable demands on us.
The stoics in ancient Greece and Immanuel Kant in Germany (who coined the concept of the categorical imperative) are the moral philosophers who have placed greatest emphasis on duty. Duty is strongly emphasized in Confucianism (especially duty to the state and to ancestors) and in Japanese culture, where it is divided into obligations (on) that can and therefore must be repaid, and continuous obligations, such as those to parents and country.
1 > Something imposed or levied; tax
2 > A block, capital, or molding from which an arch springs
ETYM French tarif; cf. Spanish and Portu. tarifa, Italian tariffa; all from Arabic ta'rîf information, explanation, definition, from arafa, to know, to inform, explain.
1 > A schedule of duties or taxes imposed by the government of a country upon goods imported or exported.
2 > The duty or tax so imposed.
3 > Any schedule or system of rates, changes, etc.
Tax or duty placed on goods when they are imported into a country or trading bloc (such as the European Union) from outside. The aim of tariffs is to reduce imports by making them more expensive.
Organizations such as the EU, the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), and the World Trade Organization (WTO) have worked toward mutual lowering of tariffs among countries. Tariffs have generally been used by governments to protect home industries from lower-priced foreign goods, and have been opposed by supporters of free trade. For a tariff to be successful, it must not provoke retaliatory tariffs from other countries.
ETYM French taxe, from taxer to tax, Latin taxare to touch, sharply, to feel, handle, to censure, value, estimate, from tangere, tactum, to touch. Related to Tangent, Task, Taste. (Homonym: tacks). Charge against a citizen's person or property or activity for the support of government | SYN: taxation, revenue enhancement.
ETYM Old Eng. tol, AS. toll; akin to OS. and Dutch tol, German zoll, Old High Germ. zol, Icel. tollr, Swed. tull, Dan. told, and also to Eng. tale; -- originally, that which is counted out in payment. Related to Tale number. A fee levied for the use of roads or bridges (used for maintenance).
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