engleski leksikon

engleski leksikon

Hamilton
/ hæməltn̩ /

ženski rodlično ime

(born Amy Lyon), Lady Hamilton (1765-1815) English courtesan. In 1782 she became the mistress of Charles Greville and in 1786 of his uncle Sir William Hamilton (1730–1803), the British envoy to the court of Naples, who married her 1791. After Admiral Nelson's return from the Nile 1798 during the Napoleonic Wars, she became his mistress and their daughter, Horatia, was born 1801.

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Hamilton
/ hæməltn̩ /

ženski rodlično ime

(1867-1963) German-born US educator and classical scholar. She is best remembered as a collector and translator of ancient myths. Her anthologies Mythology 1942 and The Great Age of Greek Literature 1943 became standard textbooks. Other important works include The Greek Way 1930 and The Roman Way 1932.
Born in Dresden, Germany, and raised in Fort Wayne, Indiana, US, Hamilton was headmistress of the Bryn Mawr School in Baltimore 1896–1922, later devoting her energies to the study of Greek and Roman civilization.

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Hamilton
/ hæməltn̩ /

ženski rodlično ime

(1869-1970) US physician, social reformer, and antiwar campaigner who pioneered the study of industrial diseases and industrial toxicology.
Hamilton was born in New York state and educated at the University of Michigan, Johns Hopkins Medical School, and in Germany at Leipzig and Munich. As a member of the Illinois Commission on Occupational Diseases, she supervised in 1910 a survey of industrial poisons. She and her staff identified many hazardous procedures and consequent state legislature introduced safety measures in the workplace and medical examinations for workers at risk. The following year Hamilton was appointed special investigator for the US Bureau of Labor and rapidly became the leading authority on lead poisoning in particular and industrial diseases in general. She lectured at Harvard from 1919, almost 30 years before Harvard accepted women as medical students.
During and after World War I she attended international congresses of women and was a pacifist until 1940, when she urged US participation in World War II. During the 1940s and 1950s she spoke out on such subjects as contraception, civil liberties, and workers' rights. In the 1960s she was still considered worthy of attention by the Federal Bureau of Investigation when she protested against US military actions in Vietnam.
Hamilton’s Industrial Poisons in the United States established her reputation worldwide. She also wrote the classic textbook Industrial Toxicology 1934 and an autobiography, Exploring the Dangerous Trades, 1943.

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Hamilton
/ hæməltn̩ /

muški rodlično ime

(1805-1865) Irish mathematician whose formulation of Isaac Newton’s dynamics proved adaptable to quantum theory, and whose “quarternion” theory was a forerunner of the branch of mathematics known as vector analysis.
Hamilton was born in Dublin and educated there at Trinity College. In 1827, while still an undergraduate, he was appointed professor of astronomy and royal astronomer of Ireland.
Hamilton showed that the sum of two complex numbers could be represented by a parallelogram and that complex numbers could be used, in general, as a useful tool in plane geometry. From couples Hamilton went on to investigate triples and this led him to his great work on quaternions. He began to lecture on them in 1848, and revealed that for quaternions the ordinary commutative principle of multiplication (that is 3 x 4 = 4 x 3) did not work, for
ij =—ji
This forced mathematicians to abandon their belief in the commutative principle as an axiom.
It was Hamilton who coined the word “vector”, and he made it possible to deal with lines in all possible positions and directions and freed them from dependence on Cartesian axes of reference.

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Hamilton
/ hæməltn̩ /

muški rodlično ime

(1922-) English artist. He was a pioneer of Pop art. His collage Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? 1956 (Kunsthalle, Tübingen, Germany) is often cited as the first Pop art work: its 1950s interior, inhabited by the bodybuilder Charles Atlas and a pin-up, is typically humorous, concerned with popular culture and contemporary kitsch.
His series Swinging London 67 1967 comments on the prosecution for drugs of his art dealer Robert Fraser and the singer Mick Jagger.

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Hamilton
/ hæməltn̩ /

muški rodlično ime

1st Duke of Hamilton (1606-1649) Scottish adviser to Charles I. He led an army against the Covenanters (supporters of the National Covenant 1638 to establish Presbyterianism) 1639 and subsequently took part in the negotiations between Charles and the Scots. In the second English Civil War he led the Scottish invasion of England, but was captured at Preston and executed.

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Hamilton
/ hæməltn̩ /

muški rodlično ime

(1922-) Scottish composer. His intensely emotional and harmonically rich works include striking viola and cello sonatas; the ballet Clerk Saunders 1951; the operas Pharsalia 1968 and The Royal Hunt of the Sun 1967–69, which renounced melody for inventive chordal formations; and symphonies.

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Hamilton
/ hæməltn̩ /

muški rodlično ime

(1757-1804) US politician who influenced the adoption of a constitution with a strong central government and was the first secretary of the Treasury 1789–95. He led the Federalist Party, and incurred the bitter hatred of Aaron Burr when he voted against Burr and in favor of Thomas Jefferson for the presidency 1801. Challenged to a duel by Burr, Hamilton was wounded and died the next day.
Hamilton, born in the West Indies, served during the American Revolution as captain and was George Washington’s secretary and aide-de-camp 1777–81. After the war he practiced as a lawyer. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1787, and in the Federalist influenced public opinion in favor of the ratification of the Constitution. He was a strong advocate of the wealthy urban sector of American life and encouraged renewed ties with Britain, remaining distrustful of revolutionary France. As the first secretary of the treasury, he proved an able controller of the national finances.

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Hamilton
/ hæməltn̩ /

imenicageografija

Množina reči Hamilton je Hamiltons.

Sinonimi:
Alexander Hamilton · Alice Hamilton · Amy Lyon · Hamilton · Lady Emma Hamilton · Sir William Rowan Hamilton · William Rowan Hamilton

Family name of dukes of Abercorn; seated at Barons Court, County Tyrone; the 3rd duke was the great-grandfather of Diana, Princess of Wales.
1. A city in southeastern Ontario at the west end of Lake Ontario.
2. The capital of Bermuda.
3. City in Alabama (USA); zip code 35570.
4. City in Georgia (USA); zip code 31811.
5. City in Illinois (USA); zip code 62341.
6. City in Iowa (USA); zip code 50116.
7. City in Kansas (USA); zip code 66853.
8. City in Missouri (USA); zip code 64644.
9. City in Montana (USA); zip code 59840.
10. City in North Dakota (USA); zip code 58238.
11. City in Ohio (USA); zip code 45011.
12. City in Texas (USA); zip code 76531.
13. Town in Indiana (USA); zip code 46742.
14. Town in North Carolina (USA); zip code 27840.
15. Town in Virginia (USA); zip code 22068.
16. Town in Washington (USA).
17. Village in New York (USA); zip code 13346.
(Scotland) Town in Strathclyde, Scotland; est) 51,300. Industries include textiles, electronics, and engineering.(Ohio) City in the SW corner of Ohio, US, on the Great Miami River, NW of Cincinnati; seat of Butler County; Its industries include livestock processing, metal products, paper, and building materials.
The city was built on the site of Fort Hamilton, constructed 1791 by General Arthur St Clair and used as headquarters by General Anthony Wayne during his campaign in the Northwest Territory 1792–93.(New Zealand) Industrial and university city on North Island, New Zealand, on Waikato River; It trades in forestry, horticulture, and dairy-farming products. Waikato University was established here 1964.(Canada) Port in Ontario, Canada; Linked with Lake Ontario by the Burlington Canal, it has a hydroelectric plant and steel, heavy machinery, electrical, chemical, and textile industries. (Bermuda) Capital (since 1815) of Bermuda, on Bermuda Island; population about (1980) 1,617. It has a deep-sea harbor. Hamilton was founded 1612.

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Reč dana | 28.11.2022.

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