/ æləbæmə /
Množina reči Alabama je Alabamas.
A · Alabama · Alabama River · Camellia State · Heart of Dixie
Prevedi Alabama na: francuski · nemački
1. A state in the southeastern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; Also called: Heart of Dixie, Camellia State.
2. A river in Alabama that flows southwestward to become a tributary of the Mobile River; Also called: Alabama River.
3. A member of the Muskhogean people formerly living in Alabama; a member of the Creek Confederacy.
4. The Muskhogean language of the Alabama people.
Confederate cruiser (1,040 tons) in the American Civil War. Built in Great Britain, it was allowed to leave port by the British, and sank 68 Union merchant ships before it was itself sunk by a Union warship off the coast of France in 1864. In 1871 the international court awarded damages of $15.5 million to the US, a legal precedent.
The court’s ruling requires a neutral country to exercise “due diligence” to prevent the arming within its jurisdiction of a vessel intending to carry out a war against a country with which the neutral country is at peace.
State in southern US; nicknamed Heart of Dixie/Cotton State
area 134,700 sq km/51,994 sq mi
towns and cities Birmingham, Mobile, Huntsville, Tuscaloosa
physical the state comprises the Cumberland Plateau in the N; the Black Belt, or Canebrake, which is excellent cotton-growing country, in the center; and S of this, the coastal plain of Piny Woods. The Alabama River is the largest in the state
features Alabama and Tennessee rivers; Appalachian mountains; Pleasure Island in the Gulf of Mexico, with Fort Morgan (dating from the early 1800s); De Soto Caverns, onyx caves used as a Native American burial ground 2,000 years ago; Mobile, with Fort Conde (a restored 1711 fort), pre-Civil War mansions (including Oakleigh, dating from the 1830s), Bienville Square with tree-lined boulevards, azaleas (with the annual Azalea Trail Festival), and Mardi Gras celebrations (the first Mardi Gras in the US took place here); Birmingham, with the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute (1992), 16th Street Baptist Church (a civil rights landmark, the site of 1960s protests), the medical center at the University of Alabama, the Birmingham Museum of Art, Sloss Furnaces (an ironworks plant, closed 1971), and the Jazz Hall of Fame; Montgomery, with pre-Civil War houses, the White House of the Confederacy (1835), the Civil Rights Memorial, Dexter Avenue King Memorial Baptist Church (dedicated to the memory of Martin Luther King),
and the Alabama Shakespeare Festival; Battleship Park, with USS Alabama and the submarine USS Drum from World War II; Malbis Greek Orthodox Church (1965), a copy of a Byzantine church in Athens; Bellingrath gardens and home, started 1917 by the Coca-Cola pioneer Walter D Bellingrath, with azalea gardens and the world’s largest collection of Boehm porcelain birds; Ivy Green, Tuscumbia, the birthplace of Helen Keller, with summer performances of The Miracle Worker (first staged 1961); the 19th-century Gaineswood mansion, Demopolis; Tuskegee University, a center for the study of black history, with the Booker T Washington Collection of black history material; US Space Camp, with NASA laboratories and shuttle test sites, at Huntsville
industries cotton (still important though no longer prime crop); soy beans, peanuts, wood products, coal, livestock, poultry, iron, chemicals, textiles, paper
famous people Hank Aaron, Tallulah Bankhead, Nat King Cole, W C Handy, Helen Keller, Joe Louis, Willie Mays, Jesse Owens, Leroy “Satchel” Paige, George C Wallace, Booker T Washington, Hank Williams
history first settled by the French in the early 18th century, it was ceded to Britain 1763, passed to the US 1783 and became a state 1819. It was one of the Confederate States in the American Civil War, and Montgomery was the first capital of the Confederacy. Birmingham became the South’s leading industrial center in the late 19th century. Alabama was in the forefront of the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s: Martin Luther King, Jr, led a successful boycott of segregated Montgomery buses in 1955; school integration began in the early 1960s despite the opposition of Governor George C Wallace; the 1965 Selma march resulted in federal voting-rights legislation.