/ kælɡəri /
A city in southern Alberta; center of a large agricultural region.
City in Alberta, Canada, on the Bow River, in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains; at 1,048 m/3,440 ft it is one of the highest Canadian cities; It is the center of a large agricultural region and is the oil and financial center of Alberta and W Canada. The 1988 Winter Olympic Games were held here.
Founded as Fort Calgary by the North West Mounted Police 1875, it was reached by the Canadian Pacific Railroad 1885 and developed rapidly after the discovery of oil 1914.
It has oil-linked and agricultural industries, such as fertilizer factories and flour mills, and is also a tourist center; the annual Calgary Exhibition and Stampede is held in July. The University of Calgary became independent of the University of Alberta 1966.