/ tʃɝːtʃɪl /
muški rodlično ime
Prevedi Churchill na: nemački
(Leonard Spencer) (1874-1965) British Conservative politician, prime minister 1940–45 and 1951–55. In Parliament from 1900, as a Liberal until 1923, he held a number of ministerial offices, including First Lord of the Admiralty 1911–15 and chancellor of the Exchequer 1924–29. Absent from the cabinet in the 1930s, he returned Sept 1939 to lead a coalition government 1940–45, negotiating with Allied leaders in World War II to achieve the unconditional surrender of Germany 1945; he led a Conservative government 1951–55. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature 1953.
He was born at Blenheim Palace, the elder son of Lord Randolph Churchill. During the Boer War he was a war correspondent and made a dramatic escape from imprisonment in Pretoria. In 1900 he was elected Conservative Member of Parliament for Oldham, but he disagreed with Chamberlain’s tariff-reform policy and joined the Liberals. In 1911 he was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. In 1915–16 he served in the trenches in France but then resumed his parliamentary duties and was minister of munitions under Lloyd George 1917, when he was concerned with the development of the tank. After the armistice he was secretary for war 1918–21 and then as colonial secretary played a leading part in the establishment of the Irish Free State. During the postwar years he was active in support of the Whites (anti-Bolsheviks) in Russia. From 1929 to 1939 he was out of office as he disagreed with the Conservatives on India, rearmament, and Chamberlain’s policy of appeasement. On the first day of World War II he went back to his old post at the Admiralty. In May 1940 he was called to the premiership as head of an all-party administration and made a much quoted “blood, tears, toil, and sweat” speech to the House of Commons. He had a close relationship with US president Roosevelt and in Aug 1941 concluded the Atlantic Charter with him. In Feb 1945 he met Stalin and Roosevelt at Yalta and agreed on the final plans for victory. On 8 May he announced the unconditional surrender of Germany. On 23 May 1945, the coalition was dissolved, and Churchill formed a caretaker government drawn mainly from the Conservatives. Defeated in the general election in July, he became leader of the opposition until the election Oct 1951, in which he again became prime minister. In April 1955 he resigned and retired to paint. After he died his paintings were exhibited in several shows, including a major retrospective in New York City in the 1980s.
The British government agreed to pay Winston Churchill's family Ł13.25 million for his pre-1945 writings, the Chartwell papers, April 1995. The offer followed a long-running legal battle to prevent the possible sale of the papers to a US university.
muški rodlično ime
Britanski političar, državnik i pisac, bio je veliki ljubitelj ukrštenih reči. Čuvena je njegova misao "dobrom viskiju i kvalitetnoj cigari društvo treba da pravi malo teža ukrštenica".