/ ˈedwərd θriː /
muški rodlično ime
Edward · Edward III
(1312-1377) Son of Edward II and King of England from 1327-1377; his claim to the French throne provoked the Hundred Years' War; reign was marked by the Black Plague and by the emergence of the Commons as the arm of Parliament.
King of England from 1327, son of Edward II. He assumed the government 1330 from his mother, through whom in 1337 he laid claim to the French throne and thus began the Hundred Years' War. He was succeeded by his grandson Richard II.
At 18 Edward imprisoned his mother Isabella of France and executed her lover Roger de Mortimer. In 1360 he surrendered his claim to the French throne, but the war resumed 1369, and his son John of Gaunt dominated the government in his later years.