/ dʒəbrɒltər /
Prevedi Gibraltar na: francuski · nemački
1. A limestone promontory at the southern tip of Spain; controlled by Britain; strategically important because it can control the entrance of ships into the Mediterranean; Also called: Rock of Gibraltar, Calpe.
2. City in Michigan (USA); zip code 48173.
British dependency, situated on a narrow rocky promontory in S Spain.
area 6.5 sq km/2.5 sq mi.
features strategic naval and air base, with NATO underground headquarters and communications center; colony of Barbary apes; the frontier zone is adjoined by the Spanish port of La Línea.
exports mainly a trading center for the import and reexport of goods.
history captured from Spain 1704 by English admiral George Rooke (1650–1709), it was ceded to Britain under the Treaty of Utrecht 1713. A referendum 1967 confirmed the wish of the people to remain in association with the UK, but Spain continues to claim sovereignty and closed the border 1969–85. In 1989, the UK government announced it would reduce the military garrison by half. Ground troops were withdrawn 1991, but navy and airforce units remained.
currency Gibraltar government notes and UK coinage.
religion mainly Roman Catholic.
government the governor has executive authority, with the advice of the Gibraltar council, and there is an elected house of assembly (chief minister Joe Bossano from 1988).