/ nɔːrməndi /
Prevedi Normandy na: francuski
1. A former province of northwestern France on the English channel; divided into Haute-Normandie and Basse-Normandie; Also called: Normandie.
2. City in Missouri (USA); zip code 63121.
3. Town in Tennessee (USA); zip code 37360.
Former duchy of NW France now divided into two regions: Haute-Normandie and Basse-Normandie. Normandy was named after the Viking Norsemen (Normans), the people who conquered and settled in the area in the 9th century. As a French duchy it reached its peak under William the Conqueror and was renowned for its centers of learning established by Lanfranc and St Anselm. Normandy was united with England 1100–35. England and France fought over it during the Hundred Years' War, England finally losing it 1449 to Charles VII. In World War II the Normandy beaches were the site of the Allied invasion on D-day, 6 June 1944.
The main towns are Alençon, Bayeux, Caen, Cherbourg, Dieppe, Deauville, Lisieux, Le Havre, and Rouen. Features of Normandy include the painter Monet's restored home and garden at Giverny; Mont St Michel; Château Miromesnil, the birthplace of de Maupassant; Victor Hugo's house at Villequier; and Calvados apple brandy.