(1885-1972) US poet and cultural critic. He is regarded as one of the most important figures of 20th-century literature, and his work revolutionized modern poetry. His Personae and Exultations 1909 established and promoted the principles of Imagism, and influenced numerous poets, including T S Eliot. His largest work was his series of Cantos 1925–69 (intended to number 100), a highly complex, eclectic collage, which sought to create a unifying, modern cultural tradition.
He lived in London 1909–21 and then moved to Paris 1921–25, where he became a friend of the writers Gertrude Stein and Ernest Hemingway. He then settled in Rapallo, Italy.
His anti-Semitism and sympathy with the fascist dictator Mussolini led him to broadcast from Italy in World War II, and he was arrested by US troops 1945. Found unfit to stand trial, he was confined in a mental hospital until 1958. His first completely modern poem was ‘Hugh Selwyn Mauberley’ 1920. He also wrote versions of Old English, Provençal, Chinese, ancient Egyptian, and other verse.
Imperial unit (symbol lb) of mass equal to 16 ounces (7,000 grains) avoirdupois, or 12 ounces (5,760 grains) troy; the metric equivalents are 0.45 kg and 0.37 kg respectively. It derives from the Roman libra, which weighed 0.327 kg.
1. 16 ounces; SYN. lb.
2. A nontechnical unit of force equal to the mass of 1 pound with an acceleration of free fall equal to 32 feet/sec/sec; SYN. lbf.
3. A public enclosure for stray or unlicensed dogs; SYN. dog pound.
Mera za težinu: u Nemačkoj = 500 grama, u Engleskoj = 453.5927 grama; apotekarska funta = 358 grama;
British standard monetary unit, issued as a gold sovereign before 1914, as a note 1914–83, and as a circular yellow metal-alloy coin from 1983. The pound is also the name given to the unit of currency in Egypt, Lebanon, Malta, Sudan, and Syria.
Engleski novac: funta sterlinga = 20 šilinga = 240 pensa.