/ ʃɪlər /
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Prevedi Schiller na: nemački
(1759-1805) German dramatist, poet, and historian. He wrote Sturm und Drang (“storm and stress”) verse and plays, including the dramatic trilogy Wallenstein 1798–99. Much of his work concerns the aspirations for political freedom and the avoidance of mediocrity.
He was a qualified surgeon, but after the success of the play Die Räuber/The Robbers 1781, he devoted himself to literature and completed his tragedies Die Verschwörung des Fiesko zu Genua/Fiesco, or, the Genoese Conspiracy and Kabale und Liebe/Love and Intrigue 1783. Moving to Weimar 1787, he wrote his more mature blank-verse drama Don Carlos and the hymn ‘An die Freude/Ode to Joy’, later used by Beethoven in his ninth symphony. As professor of history at Jena from 1789 he completed a history of the Thirty Years’ War and developed a close friendship with Goethe after early antagonism. His essays on esthetics include the piece of literary criticism Über naive und sentimentalische Dichtung/Naive and Sentimental Poetry. Schiller became the foremost German dramatist with his classic dramas Wallenstein, Maria Stuart 1800, Die Jungfrau von Orleans/The Maid of Orleans 1801, and Wilhelm Tell/William Tell 1804.