/ klɔːrəfɪl /
Prevedi chlorophyll na: francuski · nemački
ETYM Greek chloros light green + phyllon leaf: cf. French chlorophylle.
Any of a group of green pigments found in photosynthetic organisms; SYN. chlorophyl.
Green coloring matter of plants.
Green pigment present in most plants; it is responsible for the absorption of light energy during photosynthesis.
The pigment absorbs the red and blue-violet parts of sunlight but reflects the green, thus giving plants their characteristic color.
Chlorophyll is found within chloroplasts, present in large numbers in leaves. Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) and other photosynthetic bacteria also have chlorophyll, though of a slightly different type. Chlorophyll is similar in structure to hemoglobin, but with magnesium instead of iron as the reactive part of the molecule.
Biljno zelenilo, veoma složeno organsko jedinjenje belančevinaste prirode u svima zelenim delovima biljaka, naročito u listu; postaje samo uticajem sunčane svetlsoti.