/ kəmˈpjuːtər ˌdʒenəˈreɪʃn̩ /
Prevedi computer generation na: nemački
First-generation computers of historic significance, such as UNIVAC, introduced in the early 1950s, were based on vacuum tubes. Second-generation computers, appearing in the early 1960s, were those in which transistors replaced vacuum tubes. Third-generation computers, dating from the 1960s, were those in which integrated circuits replaced transistors. Fourth-generation computers, appearing in the mid-1970s, are those, such as microcomputers, in which large-scale integration (LSI) enabled thousands of circuits to be incorporated on one chip. Fifth-generation computers are expected to combine very-large-scale integration (VLSI) with sophisticated approaches to computing, including artificial intelligence and true distributed processing.
Any of the five broad groups into which computers may be classified: first generation the earliest computers, developed in the 1940s and 1950s, made from valves and wire circuits; second generation from the early 1960s, based on transistors and printed circuits; third generation from the late 1960s, using integrated circuits and often sold as families of computers, such as the IBM 360 series; fourth generation using microprocessors, large-scale integration (LSI), and sophisticated programming languages, still in use in the 1990s; and fifth generation based on parallel processing and very large-scale integration, currently under development.