/ praɪvəsi /
privateness · secrecy · concealment · privateness · seclusion
Prevedi privacy na: francuski · nemački
1. The condition of being concealed or hidden; SYN. privateness, secrecy, concealment.
2. The quality of being secluded from the presence or view of others; SYN. privateness, seclusion.
The right of the individual to be free from secret surveillance (by scientific devices or other means) and from the disclosure to unauthorized persons of personal data, as accumulated in computer data banks. Always an issue complicated by considerations of state security, public welfare (in the case of criminal activity), and other factors, it has been rendered more complex by present-day technology.
All Western countries now have computerized-data protection. In the us the Privacy Act 1974 requires that there should be no secret data banks and that agencies handling data must ensure their reliability and prevent misuse (information gained for one purpose must not be used for another). The public must be able to find out what is recorded and how it is used, and be able to correct it. Under the Freedom of Information Act 1967, citizens and organizations have the right to examine unclassified files.