/ tɝːbaɪn /
Množina reči turbine je turbines.
Prevedi turbine na: francuski · nemački
ETYM Latin turbo, -inis, that which spins or whirls round, whirl.
Machine in which the kinetic energy of a moving fluid is converted into mechanical energy by causing a bladed rotor to rotate.
Engine in which steam, water, gas, or air (see windmill) is made to spin a rotating shaft by pushing on angled blades, like a fan. Turbines are among the most powerful machines. Steam turbines are used to drive generators in power stations and ships' propellers; water turbines spin the generators in hydroelectric power plants; and gas turbines (as jet engines; see jet propulsion) power most aircraft and drive machines in industry.
The high-temperature, high-pressure steam for steam turbines is raised in boilers heated by furnaces burning coal, oil, or gas, or by nuclear energy. A steam turbine consists of a shaft, or rotor, which rotates inside a fixed casing (stator). The rotor carries “wheels” consisting of blades, or vanes. The stator has vanes set between the vanes of the rotor, which direct the steam through the rotor vanes at the optimum angle. When steam expands through the turbine, it spins the rotor by reaction. The steam engine of Hero of Alexandria (130 BC), called the aeolipile, was the prototype of this type of turbine, called a reaction turbine. Modern development of the reaction turbine is largely due to English engineer Charles Parsons. Less widely used is the impulse turbine, patented by Carl Gustaf Patrick de Laval (1845–1913) 1882. It works by directing a jet of steam at blades on a rotor. Similarly there are reaction and impulse water turbines: impulse turbines work on the same principle as the water wheel and consi.
St of sets of buckets arranged around the edge of a wheel; reaction turbines look much like propellers and are fully immersed in the water.
In a gas turbine a compressed mixture of air and gas, or vaporized fuel, is ignited, and the hot gases produced expand through the turbine blades, spinning the rotor. In the industrial gas turbine, the rotor shaft drives machines. In the jet engine, the turbine drives the compressor, which supplies the compressed air to the engine, but most of the power developed comes from the jet exhaust in the form of propulsive thrust.
Vitlo, stalan točak sa izvijenim lopaticama (između kojih kao kroz kanale protiče voda koja se ozgo dovodi iz jaza u jedan uspravan cilindričan rezervoar), kod koga voda dejstvuje bočnim pritiskom na lopatice i obrće ga (sprava za iskorišćavanje vodene energije).