nemačko - engleski rečnik

nemačko - engleski rečnik

Morgan prevod

Morgan

muški rodlično ime

(jun.) John Pierpont jun., Sohn von 4), 1867, 1943, US-amerik. Bankier; erweiterte den Einfluß des Bankhauses J. P. M & Co. auf die internat. Wirtsch. u. Politik.(sen.) John Pierpont sen., 1837, 1913, US-amerik. Bankier; gründete 1871 das Bankhaus J. P. M. & Co., New York, das er zu einem der mächtigsten Kreditinstitute der USA entwickelte; Kunstsammler.

Morgan
/ mɔːrɡən /

muški rodlično ime

J(ohn) P(ierpont) (1837-1913) US financier and investment banker whose company (sometimes criticized as “the money trust”) became the most influential private banking house after the Civil War, being instrumental in the formation of many trusts to stifle competition. He set up the US Steel Corporation 1901 and International Harvester 1902.
They were powerful enough to bail out the Federal Reserve System 1895 and stabilized the economy after the crisis of 1907 when, in response to increasingly large US trust companies acting as banks under inadequate regulation, the Knickerbocker Trust Co. closed its doors to prevent a run on the firm 22 Oct 1907. Bailed out by Morgan and others, the panic was limited and its effects were not widespread.

Morgan

muški rodlično ime

Thomas Hunt, 1866, 1945, US-amerik. Biologe; entdeckte an der Taufliege Drosophila die Vererbungsvorgänge u. begr. damit die moderne Genetik; Nobelpreis für Medizin 1933.

Morgan
/ mɔːrɡən /

muški rodlično ime

(1866-1945) US geneticist who helped establish that the genes are located on the chromosomes, discovered sex chromosomes, and invented the techniques of genetic mapping. He was the first to work on the fruit fly Drosophila, which has since become a major subject of genetic studies. Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine 1933.
Morgan was born in Lexington, Kentucky, and studied at Johns Hopkins University. He was professor of experimental zoology at Columbia University 1904–28, when he was appointed director of the Laboratory of Biological Sciences at the California Institute of Technology.
Following the rediscovery of Austrian scientist Gregor Mendel’s work), Morgan’s interest turned from embryology to the mechanisms involved in heredity, and in 1908 he began his research on the genetics of Drosophila. From his findings he postulated that certain characteristics are sex-linked, that the X-chromosome carries several discrete hereditary units (genes), and that the genes are linearly arranged on chromosomes. He also demonstrated that sex-linked characters are not invariably inherited together, from which he developed the concept of crossing-over and the associated idea that the extent of crossing-over is a measure of the spatial separation of genes on chromosomes.
Morgan published a summary of his work in The Mechanism of Mendelian Heredity 1915.

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