ETYM Latin propositio: cf. French proposition. Related to Propound.
(Logic) A statement that affirms or denies something and is either true or false.
theorem / θɪrəm /
Množina reči theorem je theorems.
ETYM Latin theorema, Greek thea a sight, speculation, theory, theorem: cf. French théorčme. Related to Theory.
Mathematical proposition that can be deduced by logic from a set of axioms (basic facts that are taken to be true without proof). Advanced mathematics consists almost entirely of theorems and proofs, but even at a simple level theorems are important.
1. A proposition deducible from basic postulates.
2. An idea accepted as a demonstrable truth.
ETYM French clause, Late Lat. clausa, equiv. to Latin clausula clause, prop., close of rhetorical period, close, from claudere to shut, to end. Related to Close.
Part of a sentence that contains a subject and a verb, and joined to the rest of the sentence by a conjunction. In English,coordinating clauses are those joined by and, but, or or; with any other conjunction it is a subordinating clause.
(Grammar) An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence.
ETYM French composition, from Latin compositio. Related to Composite.
In music, the process of combining sounds creatively to yield a work; also, the work itself.
1. Something that is created by arranging several things to form a unified whole.
2. An essay (especially one written as an assignment); SYN. paper, report, theme.
3. A work of music; SYN. work, score.
4. A mixture of ingredients.
5. The spatial property resulting from the arrangement of parts in relation to each other and to the whole; SYN. composing.
ETYM Old Fren. dart, of German origin; cf. Old High Germ. tart javelin, dart, AS. darath, daroth, Swed. dart dagger, Icel. darrathr dart.
1. A small narrow pointed missile that is thrown or shot.
2. A tapered tuck made in dressmaking.
ETYM Cf. French jupe a long petticoat, a skirt. Related to Juppon.
1. The act of jumping; propelling oneself off the ground; SYN. jumping.
2. Descent with a parachute; SYN. parachuting.
3. A sudden and decisive increase; SYN. leap.
4. In films: a transition from one scene to another.
ETYM French, from Latin phrasis diction, phraseology, Greek from phanai to speak.
1. A short musical passage two to four measures long; SYN. musical phrase.
2. An expression forming a grammatical constituent of a sentence but not containing a finite verb.
ETYM Old Fren., from Latin rata (sc. pars), from ratus reckoned, fixed by calculation, p. p. of reri to reckon, to calculate. Related to Reason.
1. Amount of a charge or payment relative to some basis; SYN. charge per unit.
2. A magnitude or frequency relative to a time unit.
3. (British) A local tax on property (usually used in the plural).
ETYM Old Fren. recort, record, remembrance, attestation, record. Related to Record.
1. A compilation of the known facts regarding something or someone; SYN. recordbook, book.
2. A document that can serve as legal evidence of a transaction.
3. Anything (such as a document or a phonograph record or a photograph) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events.
4. The sum of recognized accomplishments.
In computing, a collection of related data items or fields. A record usually forms part of a file.
ETYM French sédiment, Latin sedimentum a settling, from sedere to sit, to settle. Related to Sit.
Any loose material that has “settled”—deposited from suspension in water, ice, or air, generally as the water current or wind speed decreases. Typical sediments are, in order of increasing coarseness, clay, mud, silt, sand, gravel, pebbles, cobbles, and boulders.
Sediments differ from sedimentary rocks in which deposits are fused together in a solid mass of rock by a process called diagenesis. Pebbles are cemented into conglomerates; sands become sandstones; muds become mudstones or shales; peat is transformed into coal.
Matter deposited by water or ice or wind; SYN. deposit.
sentence / sentəns /
Množina reči sentence je sentences.
ETYM French, from Latin sententia, for sentientia, from sentire to discern by the senses and the mind, to feel, to think. Related to Sense, Sentiensi.
A string of words satisfying the grammatical rules of a language.
In grammar, a unit of words that makes sense in itself, usually contains a finite verb, begins with a capital letter, and ends with a full stop.
1. The act of putting something in position
2. A group of things of the same kind that belong together and are so used:
3. An abstract collection of numbers or symbols
4. An unofficial association of people or groups; SYN. circle, band, lot.
5. Several exercises intended to be done in series; SYN. exercise set.
6. Any electronic equipment that receives or transmits radio or tv signals
7. A unit of play in tennis or squash
8. (Psychology) A temporary readiness to respond in a particular way; SYN. readiness.
9. The descent of a heavenly body below the horizon