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Wren

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Prevedi Wren na: srpski

Sir (seit 1673) Christopher, engl. Baumeister, East Knoyle (Wiltshire) 20.10.1632, +Hampton Court (heute zu London) 25.2.1723, Hauptmeister des Klassizismus, begann seine Tätigkeit als hervorragender Naturwissenschaftler, wandte sich seit 1661 der Baukunst zu, war 1665 für einige Zeit in Paris, lieferte 1666, nach dem Brande Londons, einen Generalbebauungsplan, der, obwohl nur zum Teil ausgeführt, das Stadtbild wesentlich beeinflußte; W. selber baute 53 Stadtkirchen (viele inzwischen abgerissen oder zerstört) u.a. Gebäude. Er führte in seiner Kunst den Palladianismus seines großen Vorgängers Inigo Jones fort, schloß sich aber auch gerne der Gotik an. Sein Hauptwerk ist die St. Paulskathedrale in London (1675/1711). Weitere Kirchen ebd. im klassizist. Stil: St. Lawrence, Jewry (1671/1680); Christ Church (1704); an das Gotische anschließend: St. Dunstan in the East; St. Mary Aldermary (1681); St. Michael (Turm vollendet 1721). Weltliche Bauten: Sheldontheater, Oxford (1664/1669); Bibliothek des Trinity C
Sir Christopher, 1632, 1723, engl. Baumeister; nach I. Jones der bed. Vertreter des engl., an A. Palladio anknüpfenden Klassizismus
Werke: St.-Pauls-Kathedrale in London 1675–1710.

Wren
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muški rodlično ime

(1632-1723) English architect. His ingenious use of a refined and sober Baroque style can be seen in his best-known work, St Paul's Cathedral, London, 1675–1710, and in the many churches he built in London including St Mary-le-Bow, Cheapside, 1670–77 and St Bride's, Fleet Street, 1671–78. Other works include the Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford, 1664–69; Greenwich Hospital, London, begun 1694; and Marlborough House, London, 1709–10 (now much altered).
Wren studied mathematics, and in 1660 became a professor of astronomy at Oxford University. His opportunity as an architect came after the Great Fire of London 1666. He prepared a plan for rebuilding the city on Classical lines, incorporating piazzas and broad avenues, but it was not adopted. Instead, Wren was commissioned to rebuild St Paul's Cathedral and 51 City churches, showing great skill both in varying the designs and in fitting his buildings into the irregular sites of the destroyed churches. The west towers of Westminster Abbey, often attributed to him, were the design of his pupil Nicholas Hawksmoor.

Reč dana | 20.09.2020.

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