Dulcimer; harpsichord; any musical instrument with hammers to strike strings.
Short form of clavicembalo, an accompanying harpsichord. In classical orchestral music, such as by Handel or Haydn, the cembalo part is taken by the conductor, its music being improvised over a figured bass.
ETYM Old Fren. harpechorde, in which the harpe is of German origin. Related to Harp, and Chord.
Keyboard; strings are plucked by plectra mounted on pivots.
The largest and grandest of 18th-century keyboard string instruments, used in orchestras and as a solo instrument. The strings are plucked by “jacks” made of leather or quill, and multiple keyboards offering variation in tone are common. The revival of the harpsichord repertoire in the 20th century owes much to Wanda Landowska and Ralph Kirkpatrick (1911–1984).
Harpsichords have to be tuned regularly, and may therefore be adjusted in temperament according to repertoire. Famous makers of harpsichords include the English Kirckman and the Flemish Ruckers families. A modern repertoire has developed for the concert harpsichord, with concertos by Carter 1961, Frank Martin 1952, and Continuum for solo harpsichord by Ligeti 1968.
In music, a Hungarian pedestal dulcimer modernized during the 19th century from a gypsy instrument. It consists of a box-shaped resonator over which strings are stretched laterally, the performer playing front to back rather than across, using light beaters. The sound is brittle, not unlike a fortepiano. Composers include Stravinsky in Renard 1922 and Kodály in the orchestral suite Háry János 1927.
Množina reči cymbalo je cymbalos.
dulcimer / dʌlsəmər /
Množina reči dulcimer je dulcimers.
ETYM Italian dolcemele,r Spanish dulcemele, from Latin dulcis sweet + melos song, melody, Greek; cf. Old Fren. doulcemele. Related to Dulcet, and Melody.
1. A stringed instrument used in American folk music; an elliptical body and a fretted fingerboard and three strings.
2. A trapezoidal zither whose metal strings are struck with light hammers.
Music, percussion instrument consisting of graduated strings stretched over a sounding board and struck with hammers.
Musical instrument, a form of zither, consisting of a shallow open trapezoidal soundbox across which strings are stretched laterally; they are horizontally struck by lightweight hammers or beaters. It produces clearly-differentiated pitches of consistent quality and is more agile and wide-ranging in pitch than the harp or lyre. In Hungary the dulcimer, or cimbalon, is in current use.
Of Middle Eastern origin, the dulcimer spread into Europe about 1100 and was introduced to China and Korea about 1800. Examples include the Iraqi santir, Chinese yang shin, Russian chang, Korean yangum, and Swiss hackbrett.
Also an oval-shaped stringed instrument of the Appalachian Mountains that is played in the lap or on a surface by plucking the strings with a quill or plectrum.