ETYM Latin anxietas, from anxius: cf. French anxiété. Related to Anxious.
1. A vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune; SYN. anxiousness, stress, fear, nervousness.
2. A relatively permanent state of nervous fear occurring in a variety of mental disorders; SYN. anxiousness.
Unpleasant, distressing emotion usually to be distinguished from fear. Fear is aroused by the perception of actual or threatened danger; anxiety arises when the danger is imagined or cannot be identified or clearly perceived. It is a normal response in stressful situations, but is frequently experienced in many mental disorders.
Anxiety is experienced as a feeling of suspense, helplessness, or alternating hope and despair together with excessive alertness and characteristic bodily changes such as tightness in the throat, disturbances in breathing and heartbeat, sweating, and diarrhea.
In psychiatry, an anxiety state is a type of neurosis in which the anxiety either seems to arise for no reason or else is out of proportion to what may have caused it. “Phobic anxiety” refers to the irrational fear that characterizes phobia).
Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, identified two forms of anxiety: signal anxiety, which alerts the ego to impending threats that might unbalance it, and primary anxiety, which occurs when its equilibrium is upset, as for example in trauma or a nightmare. He maintained that anxiety was the result of unsatisfied libido and repression, and that the most primitive form of anxiety originated in the individual's birth experience.
ETYM Old Eng. appetit, French appétit, from Latin appetitus, from appetere to strive after, long for; ad + petere to seek. Related to Petition, Appetence.
A feeling of craving something; SYN. appetency, appetence.
ETYM Latin aspiratio, from aspirare: cf. French aspiration.
Withdrawal of fluid from the body using a suction instrument.
1. A manner of articulation involving an audible release of breath; SYN. rough breathing.
2. A will to succeed.
Množina reči aspiringness je aspiringnesses.
Množina reči desideration je desiderations.
desideratum / dɪzɪdərɑːtəm /
Množina reči desideratum je desiderata.
ETYM Latin, from desideratus, p. p. Related to Desiderate.
(Irregular plural: desiderata).
Something desired as a necessity.
Something which is greatly desired.
Množina reči desiderium je desideria.
Longing or yearning
desire / dəzaɪər /
Množina reči desire je desires.
ETYM French désir, from désirer. Related to Desire.
1. An inclination to want things.
2. Something that is desired.
3. The feeling that accompanies an unsatisfied state.
ETYM French envie, Latin invidia envious; akin to invidere to look askance at, to look with enmity; in against + videre to see. Related to Vision.
1. A feeling of grudging admiration and desire to have something possessed by another; SYN. enviousness, the green-eyed monster.
2. Spite and resentment at seeing the success of another (personified as one of the deadly sins); SYN. invidia.
(Irregular plural: itches).
An irritating cutaneous sensation that produces a desire to scratch; SYN. itching.
Irritation of nerve endings in skin or mucous membrane that provokes the desire to scratch; also a popular name for the parasitic disorder scabies.
ETYM as. mynd, gemynd.
1. That which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason; SYN. head, brain, psyche, nous.
2. Knowledge and intellectual ability; SYN. intellect.
3. One's intention; what one intends to do; SYN. idea.
4. Recall or remembrance.
6. An intellectual being; SYN. thinker.
In philosophy, the presumed mental or physical being or faculty that enables a person to think, will, and feel; the seat of the intelligence and of memory; sometimes only the cognitive or intellectual powers, as distinguished from the will and the emotions.
Mind may be seen as synonymous with the merely random chemical reactions within the brain, or as a function of the brain as a whole, or (more traditionally) as existing independently of the physical brain, through which it expresses itself, or even as the only reality, matter being considered the creation of intelligence. The relation of mind to matter may be variously regarded. Traditionally, materialism identifies mental and physical phenomena equally in terms of matter and motion. Dualism holds that mind and matter exist independently side by side. Idealism maintains that mind is the ultimate reality and that matter does not exist apart from it.
ETYM French plaisir, originally an infinitive. Related to Please.
1. A fundamental feeling that is hard to define but that people desire to experience; SYN. pleasance.
2. An activity that affords enjoyment.
3. Sexual gratification.
ETYM French, from Latin volo I will, velle to will, be willing. Related to Voluntary.
1. The act of making a choice; SYN. willing.
2. The capability of conscious choice and decision and intention; SYN. will.
3. Act of willing; will.
4. In philosophical psychology and the philosophy of mind, the act of willing. Philosophers who hold that mind and body are different substances (dualists) tend to hold that volitions cause actions, while those who hold that mind and body are fundamentally one substance (monists) tend to hold that volitions are inseparable from actions.
ETYM Old Eng. wille, as. willa; akin to OFries. willa, os. willeo, willio, Dutch wil, German wille, Icel. vili, Dan. villie, Swed. vilja, Goth wilja. Related to Will.
1. A fixed and persistent intent or purpose.
2. A legal document declaring a person's wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die; SYN. testament.
In law, declaration of how a person wishes his or her property to be disposed of after death. It also appoints administrators of the estate (executors) and may contain wishes on other matters, such as place of burial or use of organs for transplants. Wills must comply with formal legal requirements of the local jurisdiction. Some us states permit people, usually the terminally ill, to specify at what stage they should be allowed to die, in living wills.