(William Frederick) “Buffalo Bill” (1846-1917)
US scout and performer. From 1883 he toured the US and Europe with a Wild West show which featured the recreation of Indian attacks and, for a time, the cast included Chief Sitting Bull as well as Annie Oakley. His nickname derives from a time when he had a contract to supply buffalo carcasses to railroad laborers (over 4,000 in 18 months).
He was a heavy drinker and a trusting investor; he died in poverty after seeing his exploits recounted and exaggerated in novels of the West.