/ kæməs /
muški rodlično ime
(1913-1960) Algerian-born French writer. His works, such as the novels L’Etranger/The Outsider 1942 and La Peste/The Plague 1948, owe much to existentialism in their emphasis on the absurdity and arbitrariness of life. Nobel Prize for Literature 1957.
Other works include Le Mythe de Sisyphe/The Myth of Sisyphus 1943 and L’Homme révolté/The Rebel 1951. Camus’ criticism of communism in the latter book led to a protracted quarrel with the philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre.
Camus was born in Algeria, then a French colony. He went on to become a journalist in France, and was active in the Resistance during World War II.