/ koʊlt /
muški rodlično ime
(1814-1862) US gunsmith who invented the revolver 1835 that bears his name. With its rotating breech which turned, locked, and unlocked by cocking the hammer, the Colt was superior to other revolving pistols, and it revolutionized military tactics.
Colt built a large factory in Hartford, Connecticut, 1854. During the Crimean War 1853-56 he also manufactured arms in Pimlico, London. By 1855 he had the largest private armory in the world. When the American Civil War broke out 1861, he supplied thousands of guns to the US government.
Colt, born in Hartford, Connecticut, made up his mind as a boy to become an inventor. One of his discoveries was how to fire gunpowder using an electric current. After a public demonstration at a mine, which covered all the spectators with mud, he was sent off to Amherst Academy. As a result of a fire caused by another of his experiments, he was asked to leave there as well. He then became apprenticed as a sailor. Watching the helm during a voyage 1830, Colt noticed that whichever way the wheel turned, each of its spokes always lined up with a clutch that locked it into position. He realized that this mechanism could be applied to a firearm.
By 1835, Colt had perfected his revolver and patented it. In 1836 he set up a company in Paterson, New Jersey, where he produced a five-shot revolver and rifles and shotguns based on the same revolving principle. These models were revolutionary, yet unreliable, and Colt's company failed 1842. But in 1846, the Mexican-American War broke out and, with a big government order, Colt was back in business. The pioneers then starting to open up the West soon adopted the Colt to use against Native Americans and wildlife.