1. Capital and largest city of Czechoslovakia; Also called: Praha, Prag, capital of Czechoslovakia.
2. City in Oklahoma (USA); zip code 74864.
3. Village in Nebraska (USA); zip code 68050.
(Czech Praha) City and capital of the Czech Republic on the river Vltava; est) 1,300,000. Industries include automobiles, aircraft, chemicals, paper and printing, clothing, brewing, and food processing. It was the capital of Czechoslovakia 1918–93.
Charles University 1348; Gothic cathedral of St Vitus; Prague castle (Prasky-Hrad); Malá Strana, with 17th- and 18th-century mansions; Old Town.
14th century Prague became important during the reign of Charles IV, king of Bohemia and Moravia, and Holy Roman Emperor; he established the university and laid out the New Town.
15th century Hussite wars held back development.
1620 Battle of the White Mountain took place near Prague; the Czechs were defeated, and were ruled by the Hapsburgs until 1918.
1918 Czechoslovakia created; Prague became national capital.
1939 city occupied by Nazis.
1968 occupation by Soviet troops followed “Prague Spring”.
1989 protests in Prague led to fall of Communist regime.
ETYM Dan. brink edge, verge; akin to Swed. brink declivity, hill, Icel. brekka; cf. LG. brink a grassy hill, W. bryn hill, bryncyn hillock.
1. A region marking a boundary; SYN. threshold, verge.
2. The edge of a steep place.
The space in a wall through which one enters or leaves a room or building; the space that a door can close; SYN. door, room access, threshold. door-way.
ledger / ledʒər /
Sinonimi: leger · account book · book of account · book
ETYM Akin to Dutch legger layer, daybook (fr. leggen to lay, liggen to lie), Eng. ledge, lie. Related to Lie to be prostrate.
A record in which commercial accounts are recorded; SYN. leger, account book, book of account, book.
sill / sɪl /
1. A continuous horizontal timber forming the lowest member of a framework or supporting structure.
2. (Geology) A flat (usually horizontal) mass of igneous rock between two layers of older sedimentary rock.
Sheet of igneous rock created by the intrusion of magma (molten rock) between layers of pre-existing rock. (A dyke, by contrast, is formed when magma cuts across layers of rock.) An example of a sill in the UK is the Great Whin Sill, which forms the ridge along which Hadrian’s Wall was built.
A sill is usually formed of diabase, a rock that is extremely resistant to erosion and weathering, and often forms ridges in the landscape or cuts across rivers to create waterfalls.
sleeper / sliːpər /
Sinonimi: slumberer · sleeper goby
ETYM Cf. Norw. sleip a sleeper (a timber), as adj, slippery, smooth. Related to Slape.
1. A person who is sleeping; SYN. slumberer.
2. Tropical fish that resembles a goby and rests quietly on the bottom in shallow water; SYN. sleeper goby.
ETYM as. staepe. Related to Step.
1. A place to rest the foot while ascending or descending a stairway; SYN. stair.
2. A short distance.
3. The act of changing location by raising the foot and setting it down.
ETYM Old Eng. threswold, threshwold, as. threscwald, therscwald, therscold, threscold, from threscan, therscan, to thresh; akin to Icel. threskjöde, thröskuldr, Swed. tröskel, Dan. taerskel. Related to Thrash.
1. The smallest detectable sensation; SYN. limen.
2. The starting point of a new state or experience.
ETYM Old Fren. trespas, French trépas death. Related to Trespass.
1. A wrongful interference with the possession of property (personal property as well as realty), or the action instituted to recover damages.
2. Entry to another's property without right or permission; SYN. encroachment, violation, intrusion.
Going on to the land of another without authority. In law, a landowner has the right to eject a trespasser by the use of reasonable force and can sue for any damage caused.
A trespasser injured on another's land cannot usually recover damages from the landowner unless the latter can be held to have deliberately done him or her some positive injury.