ETYM Old Eng. cheke, cheoke, AS. ceŕce, ceňce; cf. Goth. kukjan to kiss, Dutch kaak cheek; perh. akin to Eng. chew, jaw.
1. The fleshy pouches on either side of the face below the eyes.
2. (British) Impudence; audacity.
ETYM French négligence, Latin negligentia.
1. Failure to act; SYN. carelessness, neglect, nonperformance.
2. The trait of neglecting responsibilities and lacking concern; SYN. neglect, neglectfulness.
In law, doing some act that a “prudent and reasonable” person would not do, or omitting to do some act that such a person would do. Negligence may arise in respect of a person’s duty toward an individual or toward other people in general. Breach of the duty of care that results in reasonably foreseeable damage is a tort.
Contributory negligence is a defense sometimes raised where the defendant to an action for negligence claims that the plaintiff by his own negligence contributed to the cause of the action.
A person's duty toward an individual may cover parenthood, guardianship, trusteeship, or a contractual relationship; a person's duty toward other people may include the duties owed to the community, such as care upon the public highway, and the maintenance of structures in a safe condition.