Mikroprocesor računara, skraćenica je CPU. Mali čip u personalnim računarima koji upravlja radom celog računara.
central procesor unit / ˈsentrəl |procesor| ˈjuːnət /
central processing unit / ˈsentrəl ˈproʊsesɪŋ ˈjuːnət /
See CPU. Main component of a computer, the part that executes individual program instructions and controls the operation of other parts. It is sometimes called the central processor or, when contained on a single integrated circuit, a microprocessor.
The CPU has three main components: the arithmetic and logic unit (ALU), where all calculations and logical operations are carried out; a control unit, which decodes, synchronizes, and executes program instruction; and the immediate access memory, which stores the data and programs on which the computer is currently working. All these components contain registers, which are memory locations reserved for specific purposes.
(computer science) The part of a computer (a microprocessor chip) that does most of the data processing; the CPU and the memory form the central part of a computer to which the peripherals are attached.
Acronym for central processing unit. The computational and control unit of a computer. The CPU is the device that interprets and executes instructions. Mainframes and early minicomputers contained circuit boards full of integrated circuits that implemented the CPU. Single-chip central processing units, called microprocessors, made possible personal computers and workstations. Examples of single-chip CPUs are the Motorola 68000, 68020, and 68030 chips and the Intel 8080, 8086, 80286, 80386, and i486 chips. The CPU—or microprocessor, in the case of a microcomputer—has the ability to fetch, decode, and execute instructions and to transfer information to and from other resources over the computer’s main data-transfer path, the bus. By definition, the CPU is the chip that functions as the “brain” of a computer. In some instances, however, the term encompasses both the processor and the computer’s memory or, even more broadly, the main computer console (as opposed to peripheral equipment). See the illustration. See also microprocessor. Central processing unit. The part of the computer that contains the circuits that control and perform the execution of computer instructions.
In computing, abbreviation for central processing unit.
Reč dana | 30.11.2020.
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