ETYM Latin accessio, from accedere: cf. French accession. Related to Accede.
1. Agreeing with; SYN. assenting.
2. Something added to what one has already; SYN. addition.
3. The act of attaining a new office or right; SYN. rise to power.
4. The act of entering upon or attaining to a position or right.
1. A supplementary component; SYN. appurtenance, supplement.
2. Additional clothing that is worn or carried, but not part of one's main clothing (such as belts, scarves, or handbags); SYN. accoutrement, accouterment.
3. Someone who helps another person commit a crime; SYN. accomplice, accessary.
ETYM Latin, from addere to add.
(Irregular plural: addenda).
Textual matter that is added onto a publication; usually at the end; SYN. supplement, postscript.
Something added; appendix.
(Latin) Something to be added, usually in writing, which qualifies a foregoing thesis or statement.
ETYM French addition, Latin additio, from addere to add.
1. A component that is added to something to improve it; SYN. improver.
2. A quantity that is added; SYN. increase, gain.
3. A suburban area laid out in streets and lots for a future residential area.
4. The act of adding one thing to another.
In arithmetic, the operation of combining two numbers to form a sum; thus, 7 + 4 = 11. It is one of the four basic operations of arithmetic (the others are subtraction, multiplication, and division).
additive / ædətɪv /
In food, any natural or artificial chemical added to prolong the shelf life of processed foods (salt or nitrates), alter the color or flavor of food, or improve its food value (vitamins or minerals). Many chemical additives are used and they are subject to regulation, since individuals may be affected by constant exposure even to traces of certain additives and may suffer side effects ranging from headaches and hyperactivity to cancer. Food companies in many countries are now required by law to list additives used in their products. Within the European Union, approved additives are given an official E number.
They must be listed on labels of foods sold in the US so consumers may be aware of those they cannot tolerate. The natural food movement has grown enormously in the 1970s and 1980s, as increasing awareness of the dangers of additives sent consumers looking for additive-free foods.
Artificial sweeteners are used in a range of products for diabetics and for weight loss or weight control.
Nutrients may be added to replace or enhance food value. Minerals and vitamins are the most common, especially where the diet would otherwise be deficient, leading to diseases such as beriberi and pellagra.
Preservatives are primarily antioxidants and antimicrobials that control natural oxidation and the action of microorganisms. They slow down the rate of spoliage by controlling the growth of bacteria and fungi. See food technology.
Emulsifiers and surfactants regulate the consistency of fats in prepared food and on the surface of the food in contact with the air. They modify the texture of food and prevent the ingredients of a mixture from separating out.
Thickeners, primarily vegetable gums, regulate the consistency of food. Pectin acts in this way on fruit products.
Leavening agents lighten the texture of baked goods without the use of yeasts. Sodium bicarbonate is an example.
Acidulants sharpen the taste of foods but may also perform a buffering function in the control of acidity.
Bleaching agents assist in the aging and whitening of flours.
Anticaking agents prevent powdered products coagulating into solid lumps.
Antioxidants prevent fatty foods from going rancid by inhibiting their natural oxidation.
Humectants control the humidity of the product by absorbing and retaining moisture.
Clarifying agents are used in fruit juices, vinegars, and other fermented liquids. Gelatin is the most common.
Firming agents restore the texture of vegetables that may be damaged during processing.
Foam regulators are used in beer to provide a controlled “head” on top of the poured product.
Something added to enhance food or gasoline or paint or medicine.
1. A hardware device, such as an expansion board or chip, that can be added to a computer to expand its capabilities. Also called: add-in. See also open architecture (definition 2).
2. A supplemental program that can extend the capabilities of an application program. See also utility program.
adjunct / ædʒəŋkt /
1. A person who is subordinate to another.
2. Something added to another thing but not an essential part of it.
3. An addition that is not essential.
4. A construction that can be used to extend the meaning of a word or phrase but is not one of the main constituents of a sentence
The act or process of adjoining.
affix / æfɪks /
ETYM Latin affixus, p. p. of affigere: cf. French affixe.
A linguistic element added to a word to produce an inflected or derived form.
ETYM Old Fren. alouance.
1. An amount allowed or granted (as during a given period):.
2. A sum granted as reimbursement for expenses.
3. An amount added or deducted on the basis of qualifying circumstances; SYN. adjustment.
4. A permissible difference; SYN. leeway, margin, tolerance.
5. The act of allowing.
ETYM French annexe, Latin annexus, neut. annexum, p. p. of annectere.
An addition that extends a main building; SYN. annexe, extension, wing.
Something annexed as an expansion or supplement: as an added stipulation or statement; appendix; a subsidiary or supplementary building or structure; wing.
annexe / æneks /
chiefly British variant of ANNEX.
Annexation, addition, appending, attachment; act of annexing
appendage / əpendɪdʒ /
A part that is joined to something larger.
Something attached to another thing as an extra or subsidiary part; hanger-on.
ETYM Latin appendix, -dicis, from appendere. Related to Append.
1. A vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch; SYN. vermiform appendix, vermiform process, cecal appendage.
2. Supplementary material that is collected and appended at the back of a book.
3. Addition, generally to book; vermiform organ in intestines.
appurtenance / əpɝːtɪnəns /
ETYM Old Fren. apurtenaunce, apartenance, French appartenance, Late Lat. appartenentia, from Latin appertinere. Related to Appertain.
That which belongs to something else; an adjunct; an appendage; an accessory; something annexed to another thing more worthy; in common parlance and legal acceptation, something belonging to another thing as principle.
Machinery, appliances, structures and other parts of the main structure necessary to allow it to operate as intended, but not considered part of the main structure.
A subordinate or adjunct part of.
Belonging; appendage; subsidiary right; pl. apparatus; paraphernalia.
attribute / ætrəbjuːt /
ETYM Latin attributum.
An abstraction belonging to or characteristic of an entity.
1 British; something extra obtained free; especially; extra rations
2 British; windfall, gratuity
complement / kɑːmpləmənt /
Sinonimi: full complement
ETYM Latin complementun: cf. French complément. Related to Complete, Compliment.
1. Either of two parts that mutually complete each other.
2. Something added to complete or make perfect.
3. A word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction.
4. A complete number or quantity.
5. Number needed to make up whole force; SYN. full complement.
6. One of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response.
7. Full number or amount; addition that makes up full number; one of two equal things that complete each other; Grammar, addition to complete a predicate.
The grammatical relation of a word or phrase to a predicate.
In genetics, the interaction that can occur between two different mutant alleles of a gene in a diploid organism, to make up for each other's deficiencies and allow the organism to function normally.
condiment / kɑːndəmənt /
ETYM Latin condimentum, from condire. Related to Condite.
A preparation (a sauce or relish or spice) to enhance flavor or enjoyment.
context / kɑːntekst /
Sinonimi: linguistic context · context of use · circumstance
ETYM Latin contextus; cf. French contexte.
1. Discourse that surrounds a language unit and helps to determine its interpretation; SYN. linguistic context, context of use.
2. The set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event; SYN. circumstance.
corollary / kɔːrəleri /
ETYM Latin corollarium gift, corollary, from corolla. Related to Corolla.
1. A practical consequence that follows naturally.
2. (Logic) An inference that follows directly from the proof of another proposition.
ETYM Latin extensio: cf. French extension. Related to Extend.
1. A mutually agreed delay in the date set for the completion of a job or payment of a debt.
2. Act of expanding in scope; making more widely available.
3. Act of stretching or straightening out a flexed limb.
4. Amount or degree or range to which something extends; SYN. lengthiness, prolongation.
5. An additional telephone set that is connected to the same telephone line.
6. An educational opportunity provided by colleges and universities to people who not enrolled as regular students; SYN. extension service, university extension.
increment / ɪnkrəmənt /
ETYM Latin incrementum: cf. French incrément. Related to Increase.
1. The increase of a variable quantity or fraction from its present value to its next ascending value; the finite quantity, generally variable, by which a variable quantity is increased.
2. Matter added; increase; produce; production; -- opposed to decrement.
inset / ɪnset /
A small picture inserted within the bounds or a larger one.
1. A weight added to the scale to reach a required weight.
2. Anything added to fill out a whole; SYN. filler.
suffix / sʌfɪks /
ETYM Latin suffixus, p. p. of suffigere to fasten on, to affix; sub under + figere to fix: cf. French suffixe. Related to Fix.
1. A letter, letters, syllable, or syllables added or appended to the end of a word or a root to modify the meaning; a postfix.
2. A subscript mark, number, or letter.
Letter or group of letters added to the end of a word in order to show its tense (“passed”), form the plural (“children”), change the part of speech (“wonderful” adjective; “wonderment” noun), or form a new word (“sexist”).
supplement / sʌpləmənt /
ETYM French supplément, Latin supplementum, from supplere to fill up. Related to Supply.
A quantity added; e.g. to make up for a deficiency.