Prikazivanje (ili crtanje) karaktera jednog čoveka, ili moralnih shvatanja i običaja jednog naroda, karakterologija (izraz DŽ. St. Mila); etografija, zool., nauka o životnim navikama životinja.
ethology / eθɑːlədʒi /
Množina reči ethology je ethologies.
ETYM Greek, a depicting of character; ethos custom, moral nature + logos discours.
The branch of zoology that studies the behavior of animals in their natural habitats.
Study of animals in relation to their environment.
Comparative study of animal behavior in its natural setting. Ethology is concerned with the causal mechanisms (both the stimuli that elicit behavior and the physiological mechanisms controlling it), as well as the development of behavior, its function, and its evolutionary history.
Ethology was pioneered during the 1930s by the Austrians Konrad Lorenz and Karl von Frisch who, with the Dutch zoologist Nikolaas Tinbergen, received the Nobel Prize in 1973. Ethologists believe that the significance of an animal's behavior can be understood only in its natural context, and emphasize the importance of field studies and an evolutionary perspective. A recent development within ethology is sociobiology, the study of the evolutionary function of social behavior.
Study of natural or biological character.
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