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fungus
/ fʌŋɡəs /

imenica

Množina reči fungus je fungi.

ETYM Latin, a mushroom.
A parasitic plant lacking chlorophyll and leaves and true stems and roots and reproducing by spores.
Any of a group of organisms in the kingdom Fungi. Fungi are not considered plants. They lack leaves and roots; they contain no chlorophyll and reproduce by spores. Molds, yeasts, rusts, smuts, mildews, and mushrooms are all types of fungi.
Because fungi have no chlorophyll, they must get food from organic substances. They are either parasites, existing on living plants or animals, or saprotrophs, living on dead matter. Some 50,000 different species have been identified. Some are edible, but many are highly poisonous. Before the classification Fungi came into use, they were included within the division Thallophyta, along with algae and bacteria.
In 1992 an individual honey fungus, Armallaria ostoyae, in Washington State, was identified as the world’s largest living thing—estimated to be between 500 and 1,000 years old, its underground network of hyphae covers 600 hectares/1,480 acres.
The oldest surviving fungi were found 1994 as dormant spores in the hay lining the boots of a hunter who died 5,300 years ago, and whose body was preserved frozen in the Alps. When the hay was placed on agar fruiting bodies began to appear. Two species were present, Absidia corymbifera and Chaetomium globosum.

mushroom
/ mʌʃruːm /

imenicabotanika

Množina reči mushroom je mushrooms.

Sinonimi:
mushroom cloud · mushroom-shaped cloud

Sinonimi:
mushroom cloud · mushroom-shaped cloud

ETYM Old Eng. muscheron, Old Fren. mouscheron, French mousseron; perhaps from mousse moss, of German origin. Related to Moss.
1. Fleshy body of any of numerous edible fungi.
2. Common name for an edible agaric fungus (contrasting with the inedible toadstool).
3. A large cloud of rubble and dust shaped like a mushroom and rising into the sky after an explosion (especially of a nuclear bomb); SYN. mushroom cloud, mushroom-shaped cloud.
4. Any of various fleshy fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota consisting of a cap at the end of a stem arising from an underground mycelium.
Fruiting body of certain fungi, consisting of an upright stem and a spore-producing cap with radiating gills on the undersurface. There are many edible species belonging to the genus Agaricus. See also fungus and toadstool.

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Reč dana | 01.08.2021.

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