Množina reči chitin je chitins.
A tough semitransparent horny substance; the principal component of the exoskeletons of arthropods and the cell walls of certain fungi.
Horny substance forming outer surface of most insects, crustaceans, etc.
Complex long-chain compound, or polymer; a nitrogenous derivative of glucose. Chitin is widely found in invertebrates. It forms the exoskeleton of insects and other arthropods. It combines with protein to form a covering that can be hard and tough, as in beetles, or soft and flexible, as in caterpillars and other insect larvae. It is insoluble in water and resistant to acids, alkalis, and many organic solvents. In crustaceans such as crabs, it is impregnated with calcium carbonate for extra strength.
Chitin also occurs in some protozoans and coelenterates (such as certain jellyfishes), in the jaws of annelid worms, and as the cell-wall polymer of fungi. Its uses include coating apples (still fresh after six months), coating seeds, and dressing wounds. In 1993 chemists at North Carolina State University found that it can be used to filter pollutants from industrial waste water.