ETYM New Lat., from Greek sternon the breast, chest.
(Irregular plural: sternums, or: sterna).
The flat bone that articulates with the clavicles and the first seven pairs of ribs; SYN. breastbone.
Large flat bone at the front of the chest, joined to the ribs.
It gives protection to the heart and lungs. During open heart surgery the sternum must be split to give access to the thorax.
In music, a support for the strings of an instrument that determines its length and transmits vibration to the body. In violins, lutes, guitars, and other instruments the bridge is fixed, but in the Indian tambura (long lute) and Japanese koto (zither), bridges are movable to change the tuning. The monochord of music theory also has a movable bridge.
A musical passage linking two sections of a composition.
ETYM Cf. AS. ceól ship.
1. A flat-bottomed barge used especially on the Tyne to carry coal.
2. One of the main longitudinal beams (or plates) of a vessel; can extend vertically into the water to provide lateral stability.
Reč dana | 24.11.2020.
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