ETYM French anatomie, Latin anatomia, Greek, dissection, from anatemnein to cut up; ana + temnein to cut.
1. A detailed analysis.
2. The branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals.
Study of structure of body; art of dissecting; structure; analysis; skeleton; very thin person.
Study of the structure of the body and its component parts, especially the human body, as distinguished from physiology, which is the study of bodily functions.
Herophilus of Chalcedon (c. 330–c. 260 BC) is regarded as the founder of anatomy. In the 2nd century AD, the Graeco-Roman physician Galen produced an account of anatomy that was the only source of anatomical knowledge until On the Working of the Human Body 1543 by Belgian physician Andreas Vesalius. In 1628, English physician William Harvey published his demonstration of the circulation of the blood. With the invention of the microscope, Italian physiologist Marcello Malpighi and Dutch microscopist Anton van Leeuwenhoek were able to found the study of histology. In 1747, Albinus (1697–1770), with the help of the artist Wandelaar (1691–1759), produced the most exact account of the bones and muscles, and in 1757–65 Swiss biologist Albrecht von Haller gave the most complete and exact description of the organs that had yet appeared. Among the anatomical writers of the early 19th century are the surgeon Charles Bell (1774–1842), Jonas Quain (1796–1865), and Henry Gray (1825–1861). Radiographic anatomy (using X-ray.
S; see radiography) has been one of the triumphs of the 20th century, which has also been marked by immense activity in embryological investigation.
atomy / ætəmiː /
Archaic, very small creature; skeleton.
A tiny particle; atom, mite
ETYM Old Eng. bon, ban, AS. bân; akin to Icel. bein, Swed. ben, Dan. and Dutch been, German bein bone, leg; cf. Icel. beinn straight.
1. A shade of white the color of bleached bones; SYN. ivory, pearl, off-white.
2. Rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates; SYN. os.
3. The porous calcified substance from which bones are made; SYN. osseous tissue.
Hard connective tissue comprising the skeleton of most vertebrate animals. Bone is composed of a network of collagen fibers impregnated with mineral salts (largely calcium phosphate and calcium carbonate), a combination that gives it great density and strength, comparable in some cases with that of reinforced concrete. Enclosed within this solid matrix are bone cells, blood vessels, and nerves. The interior of the long bones of the limbs consists of a spongy matrix filled with a soft marrow that produces blood cells.
There are two types of bone: those that develop by replacingcartilage and those that form directly from connective tissue. The latter, which includes the bones of the cranium, are usually platelike in shape and form in the skin of the developing embryo. Humans have about 206 distinct bones in the skeleton, of which the smallest are the three ossicles in the middle ear.
carcass / kɑːrkəs /
ETYM Written also carcase.
(Irregular plural: carcasses).
1. A dead body, whether of man or beast; a corpse; now commonly the dead body of a beast.
2. The living body; -- commonly used in contempt or ridicule.
3. The abandoned and decaying remains of some bulky and once comely thing, as a ship; the skeleton, or the uncovered or unfinished frame, of a thing.
frame frame / ˈfreɪm ˈfreɪm /
1. Something composed of parts fitted together and united
2. The physical makeup of an animal and especially a human body; physique, figure
3. The underlying constructional system or structure that gives shape or strength (as to a building)
4. A frame dwelling
5. A machine built upon or within a framework
6. An open case or structure made for admitting, enclosing, or supporting something
7. A part of a pair of glasses that holds one of the lenses
9. A structural unit in an automobile chassis supported on the axles and supporting the rest of the chassis and the body
10. An enclosing border; the matter or area enclosed in such a border
11. One of a series of still transparent photographs on a strip of film used in making movies.
ETYM New Lat., from Greek skeletos a dried body, a mummy.
The rigid or semirigid framework that supports and gives form to an animal's body, protects its internal organs, and provides anchorage points for its muscles. The skeleton may be composed of bone and cartilage (vertebrates), chitin (arthropods), calcium carbonate (mollusks and other invertebrates), or silica (many protists). The human skeleton is composed of 206 bones.
It may be internal, forming an endoskeleton, or external, forming an exoskeleton. Another type of skeleton, found in invertebrates such as earthworms, is the hydrostatic skeleton. This gains partial rigidity from fluid enclosed within a body cavity. Because the fluid cannot be compressed, contraction of one part of the body results in extension of another part, giving peristaltic motion.
1. The hard structure that provides a frame for the body of an animal; SYN. frame.
2. The internal structure that gives an artifact its shape; SYN. frame, underframe.