ETYM Latin medicina (sc. ars), from medicinus medical, from medicus: cf. French médecine. Related to Medical.
The practice of preventing, diagnosing, and treating disease, both physical and mental; also any substance used in the treatment of disease. The basis of medicine is anatomy (the structure and form of the body) and physiology (the study of the body's functions).
In the West, medicine increasingly relies on new drugs and sophisticated surgical techniques, while diagnosis of disease is more and more by noninvasive procedures. The time and cost of Western-type medical training makes it inaccessible to many parts of the Third World; where health care of this kind is provided it is often by auxiliary medical helpers trained in hygiene and the administration of a limited number of standard drugs for the prevalent diseases of a particular region.
1. Something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease; SYN. medication, medicament, medicinal drug.
2. The branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques.
3. The learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries; SYN. practice of medicine.
Reč dana | 28.09.2020.
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