1. A framework worn at the back below the waist for giving fullness to a woman's skirt.
2. A rapid bustling commotion; SYN. hustle, flurry, ado, fuss, stir.
Form of padding, made of materials such as cork, or taking the shape of a metal or whalebone frame, worn under women's skirts in the 1860s–70s. It was attached to the back, below waist level, to act as a base over which the skirt fabric would hang. The effect was a much fuller, expanded skirt at the rear.
ETYM Latin chaos chaos, Greek chaos, from chainein (root cha) to yawn, to gape, to open widely. Related to Chasm.
1. A state of extreme confusion and disorder; SYN. pandemonium, bedlam, topsy-turvydom, topsy-turvyness.
2. The formless and disordered state of matter before the creation of the cosmos.
charivari / ʃɑːrrɪvɑːrri /
Cacophonous mock-serenade performed for wedding; medley, especially of noises; mock musical performance with whistles, utensils, etc.
ETYM Of Celtic origin; cf. Gael. goil fume, rage.
1. A round shape formed by a series of concentric circles; SYN. whorl, roll, curl, curlicue, ringlet, gyre, scroll.
2. Something wound in a continuous series of loops; SYN. spiral, volute, whorl, helix.
3. Tubing that is wound in a spiral.
4. A transformer that supplies high voltage to spark plugs in a gasoline engine.
5. A spiral of insulated wire that introduces inductance into a circuit.
6. A contraceptive device placed inside a woman's womb.
ETYM Old Fren. destorbance.
1. A disorderly outburst or tumult; SYN. disruption, commotion, turmoil, stir, hurly burly, to-do.
2. An unhappy and worried mental state; SYN. perturbation, upset.
3. The act of disturbing something or someone; setting something in motion.
ETYM Scot. huggrie-muggrie; Prov. Eng. hugger to lie in ambush, mug mist, muggard sullen.
A state of confusion; ritual accompanied by complicated and purposeless activity that obscures and confuses; SYN. mumbo jumbo.
kerfuffle / kərfəfəl /
(chiefly British) Disturbance, fuss
revolt / rɪvoʊlt /
ETYM French révolte, Italian rivolta, from rivolto, p. p. from Latin revolvere, revolutum. Related to Revolve.
The act of rebelling; an uprising against legitimate authority; especially, a renunciation of allegiance and subjection to a government.
scrimmage / skrɪmɪdʒ /
ETYM A corruption of skirmish. Ld. Berners.
Practice play between a football team's squads.
shindy / ʃɪndi /
2. Fracas, uproar
tempest / tempəst /
ETYM Old Fren. tempeste, French tempęte, (assumed) Late Lat. tempesta, from Latin tempestas a portion of time, a season, weather, storm, akin to tempus time. Related to Temporal of time.
(Literary) A violent wind.
ETYM Latin turbulentia: cf. French turbulebce.
1. A state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally); SYN. upheaval, Sturm und Drang.
2. Instability in the atmosphere.
3. Unstable flow of a liquid or gas; SYN. turbulency.
Irregular fluid (gas or liquid) flow, in which vortices and unpredictable fluctuations and motions occur. Streamlining reduces the turbulence of flow around an object, such as an aircraft, and reduces drag. Turbulent flow of a fluid occurs when the Reynolds number is high.
turmoil / tɝːmɔɪl /
ETYM Of uncertain origin; perhaps from Old Fren. tremouille the hopper of a mill, trembler to tremble (cf. Eng. tremble); influenced by Eng. turn and moil.
Harassing labor; trouble; molestation by tumult; disturbance; worrying confusion.
Something that is turned up
uproar / ʌprɔːr /
ETYM Dutch oproer.
Great tumult; violent disturbance and noise; noisy confusion; bustle and clamor.
1. Noisy and exuberant or attention-getting activity (as at a social affair or in a political campaign)
2. A lively social affair
3. Agitated public discussion or debate