ETYM French multitude, Latin multitudo, multitudinis, from multus much, many; of unknown origin.
1. A large gathering of people; SYN. throng, concourse.
2. The common people generally; SYN. masses, mass, hoi polloi, people.
peck / pek /
ETYM Perh. akin to pack; or, orig., an indefinite quantity, and from peck, v. (below): cf. also French picotin a peak.
1. A British imperial capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 2 gallons.
2. A United States dry measure equal to 8 quarts or 537.605 cubic inches.
Unit of dry measure equal to 8 quarts.
Obsolete unit of dry measure, equaling eight quarts or a quarter bushel (9.002 liters).
plural / plʊrəl /
Sinonimi: plural form
The form of a word that is used to denote more than one; SYN. plural form.
Indication of number. Most English words form their plurals by the addition of s, as in boy, boys; cat, cats; book, books. The ending es is the next most common, as in watch, watches; church, churches; gas, gases; princess, princesses; bush, bushes; tax, taxes. This is simply to aid pronunciation.
There are spelling rules that aid the forming of plurals. The f/ves pattern seems clear enough in these words, for instance: wolf, wolves; half, halves, shelf, shelves; life, lives; wife, wives; knife, knives. But, as in the case of most English spelling rules, there are a disappointing number of exceptions: chief, chiefs; roof, roofs, for example. The “change the y into i and add es” rule works better: spy, spies; baby, babies; lady, ladies.
Here the only exceptions are those where a vowel precedes the final y, as in donkey, donkeys; vacation, vacations.
The plurals that cause most trouble for young spellers are those that follow no pattern—children, geese, women —and those that are the same in their singular and plural forms: deer, for example.
plural number / ˈplʊrəl ˈnʌmbr̩ /
plurality / pləræləti /
Sinonimi: relative majority
ETYM Latin pluralitas: cf. French pluralité.
(In an election with more than 2 options) The number of votes for the candidate or party receiving the greatest number (but less that half of the votes); SYN. relative majority.
quantity / kwɑːntəti /
ETYM French quantite, Latin quantitas, from quantus bow great, how much, akin to quam bow, Eng. how, who. Related to Who.
1. An adequate or large amount.
2. Something that has a magnitude and can be represented in mathematical expressions by a constant or a variable.
A number—positive or negative, whole or fractional—that is used to indicate a value.