1. An aptitude that may be developed; SYN. capableness, potentiality.
2. The quality of being capable -- physically or intellectually or legally; SYN. capableness.
3. The susceptibility of something to a particular treatment; SYN. capacity.
ETYM Latin capacitus, from capax, capacis; from French capacité. Related to Capacious.
(volume) Alternative term for volume, generally used to refer to the amount of liquid or gas that may be held in a container. Units of capacity include liter and milliliter (metric); pint and gallon (imperial).
1. Ability to perform or produce.
2. The power to learn or retain knowledge; SYN. mental ability.
3. A specified function.
4. The amount that can be contained; SYN. content.
5. The maximum production possible.
This word is used in names of quantities which express the relative amount of some quantity with respect to a another quantity upon which it depends. For example, heat capacity is dU/dT, where U is the internal energy and T is the temperature. Electrical capacity, or capacitance is another example: C = |dQ/dV|, where Q is the magnitude of charge on each capacitor plate and V is the potential diference between the plates.
chance / tʃæns /
ETYM French chance, Old Fren. cheance, from Late Lat. cadentia (a allusion to the falling of the dice), from Latin cadere to fall; akin to Skr. çad to fall, Latin cedere to yield, Eng. cede. Related to Cadence.
A risk involving danger.
Likelihood, or probability, of an event taking place, expressed as a fraction or percentage. For example, the chance that a tossed coin will land heads up is 50%.
As a science, it originated when the Chevalier de Méré consulted Blaise Pascal about how to reduce his gambling losses. In 1664, in correspondence with another mathematician, Pierre de Fermat, Pascal worked out the foundations of the theory of chance. This underlies the science of statistics.
contingency / kəntɪndʒənsi /
ETYM Cf. French contingence.
The state of being contingent on something.
ETYM Old Eng. margine, margent, Latin margo, ginis. Related to March a border, Marge.
1. The amount of collateral a customer deposits with a broker when borrowing from the broker to buy securities; SYN. security deposit.
2. The blank space that surrounds the text on a page.
3. The boundary line or the area immediately inside the boundary; SYN. border, perimeter.
Commercial, deposit of cash held by broker as security or installment of purchase price; amount remaining to, or to be paid by, client at termination of account; profit; minimum return required for profitability.
Economics, minimum usefulness that will cause production of commodity, etc., to continue.
In finance, the difference between cost and selling price; also cash or collateral on deposit with a broker or lender to meet legal requirements against loss, as when stocks and other securities have been financed by funds supplied by the lender.
Margin accounts were set at 10% of the selling price before the stock market crash of 1929. Since the establishment of the Securities and Exchange Commission 1934, margin was set at 50%.
occasion / əkeɪʒn̩ /
ETYM French occasion, Latin occasio, from occidere, occasum, to fall down; ob (see Ob-) + cadere to fall. Related to Chance, Occident.
1. An opportunity to do something.
3. The time of a particular event.
ETYM French position, Latin positio, from ponere, positum, to put, place.
2. The spatial property of a place where or way in which something is situated; SYN. spatial relation.
3. The appropriate or customary location.
4. Position or arrangement of the body and its limbs; SYN. posture, attitude.
5. A way of regarding situations or topics etc.; SYN. view, perspective.
6. A rationalized mental attitude; SYN. posture.
7. A job in an organization or hierarchy; SYN. post, berth, slot, office, spot, place, situation.
8. (In team sports) The role assigned to an individual player.
possibility / pɑːsəbɪləti /
Sinonimi: possible action · opening · possibleness
ETYM French possibilité, Latin possibilitas.
1. A future prospect or potential.
2. A possible alternative; SYN. possible action, opening.
3. Capability of existing or happening or being true; SYN. possibleness.
potentiality / pətenʃɪælɪti /
The quality or state of being potential; possibility, not actuality; inherent capability or disposition, not actually exhibited.
ETYM Latin probabilitas: cf. French probabilité.
1. A measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; SYN. chance.
2. The quality of being probable.
Likelihood, or chance, that an event will occur, often expressed as odds, or in mathematics, numerically as a fraction or decimal.
In general, the probability that n particular events will happen out of a total of m possible events is n/m. A certainty has a probability of 1; an impossibility has a probability of 0. Empirical probability is defined as the number of successful events divided by the total possible number of events.
In tossing a coin, the chance that it will land “heads” is the same as the chance that it will land “tails”, that is, 1 to 1 or even; mathematically, this probability is expressed as ˝ or 0.5. The odds against any chosen number coming up on the roll of a fair die are 5 to 1; the probability is 1/6 or 0.1666. If two dice are rolled there are 6 x 6 = 36 different possible combinations. The probability of a double (two numbers the same) is 6/36 or 1/6 since there are six doubles in the 36 events: (1,1), (2,2), (3,3), (4,4), (5,5), and (6,6).
Probability theory was developed by the French mathematicians Blaise Pascal and Pierre de Fermat in the 17th century, initially in response to a request to calculate the odds of being dealt various hands at cards. Today probability plays a major part in the mathematics of atomic theory and finds application in insurance and statistical studies.