ETYM Cf. Latin addictio an adjudging.
State of dependence caused by habitual use of drugs, alcohol, or other substances. It is characterized by uncontrolled craving, tolerance, and symptoms of withdrawal when access is denied. Habitual use produces changes in body chemistry and treatment must be geared to a gradual reduction in dosage.
Initially, only opium and its derivatives (morphine, heroin, codeine) were recognized as addictive, but many other drugs, whether therapeutic (for example, tranquilizers) or recreational (such as cocaine and alcohol), are now known to be addictive.
Research points to a genetic predisposition to addiction; environment and psychological makeup are other factors. Although physical addiction always has a psychological element, not all psychological dependence is accompanied by physical dependence. A carefully controlled withdrawal program can reverse the chemical changes of habituation. Cure is difficult because of the many other factors contributing to addiction.
1. An abnormally strong craving.
2. Being abnormally dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs); SYN. dependence, dependency.
ETYM Old Eng. habit, abit, French habit from Latin habitus state, appearance, dress, from habere to have, be in a condition; prob. akin to Eng. have. Related to Have, Able, Binnacle, Debt, Due, Exhibit, Malady/.
1. A distinctive attire (as the costume of a religious order).
2. A pattern of behavior acquired through frequent repetition; SYN. use, wont.
3. An established custom; SYN. wont.
habitude / hæbɪtjuːd /
ETYM French, from Latin habitudo condition. Related to Habit.
Habitual mode of behavior.
ETYM Old Eng. manere, French maničre, from Old Fren. manier, adj, manual, skillful, handy, from (assumed) Late Lat. manarius, for Latin manuarius belonging to the hand, from manus the hand. Related to Manual.
1. A kind.
2. A manner of performance; SYN. mode, style, way, fashion.
3. A way of acting or behaving; SYN. personal manner.
ETYM Old Eng. praktike, practique, French pratique, formerly also, practique, Late Lat. practica, from Greek, practical. Related to Practical, Pratique, Pretty.
Period of exercise to develop a skill; condition of having such a skill through exercise; application of a skill, etc. as opposed to theory; customary action or proceeding; procedure; professional business and clientele of a doctor, lawyer, etc. (as distinct from practice).
1. A customary way of operation or behavior; SYN. pattern.
2. Knowledge of how something is customarily done.
3. The exercise of a profession.
4. Translating an idea into action.
5. An activity dedicated to repetition and improvement of a skill.
1. A groove or furrow (especially one in soft earth caused by wheels).
2. A settled and monotonous routine that is hard to escape; SYN. groove.
3. An annually recurrent state of sexual excitement in the male deer; broadly; sexual excitement in a mammal especially when periodic
4. The period during which rut normally occurs — often used with the
trick / trɪk /
Sinonimi: fast one
ETYM Dutch trek a pull, or drawing, a trick, trekken to draw; akin to lg. trekken, Mid. High Germ. trecken, trechen, Dan. traekke, and OFries. trekka. Related to Track, Trachery, Trig, Trigger.
1. A cunning or deceitful action or device; SYN. fast one.
2. A period of work or duty.
3. An attempt to get one to do something foolish or imprudent.
vein / veɪn /
Sinonimi: mineral vein
A layer of ore between layers of rock; SYN. mineral vein.
ETYM Old Eng. wey, way, as. weg.
(Homonym: weigh, whey).
1. A course of conduct; SYN. path, way of life.
2. A general category of things; used in the expression.
3. A journey or passage.
4. A portion of something divided into shares.
5. Any road or path affording passage from one place to another.
6. Doing as one pleases or chooses.
7. The condition of things generally; or.
8. The property of distance in general; (colloquial); SYN. ways.