ETYM Latin norma a rule. Related to Normal.
Informal guideline about what is, or is not, considered normal social behavior (as opposed to rules and laws, which are formal guidelines). Such shared values and expectations may be measured by statistical sampling and vary from one society to another and from one situation to another; they range from crucial taboos, such as those against incest or cannibalism, to trivial customs and traditions, such as the correct way to hold a fork. Norms play a key part in social control and social order.
A standard or model or pattern regarded as typical.
quota / kwoʊtə /
Množina reči quota je quotas.
ETYM Late Lat., from Latin quota (sc. pars), from quotus which or what in number, of what number, how many, from quot how many, akin to quis, qui, who: cf. Italian quota a share. Related to Who.
1. A limitation.
2. A prescribed number.
3. A proportional share assigned to each participant.
Due share; amount allowed to be imported from a certain country.
In international trade, a limitation on the amount of a commodity that may be exported, imported, or produced. Restrictions may be imposed forcibly or voluntarily.
The justification of quotas include protection of a home industry from an influx of cheap goods, prevention of a heavy outflow of goods (usually raw materials) because there are insufficient numbers to meet domestic demand, allowance for a new industry to develop before it is exposed to competition, or prevention of a decline in the world price of a particular commodity.
The European Union's Common Agricultural Policy has introduced quotas to limit the production of milk because rising herd yields and a trend toward a healthier low-fat diet have led to overproduction. Dairy farmers will not be paid for any milk produced above a set limit.
ETYM Old Fren., from Latin rata (sc. pars), from ratus reckoned, fixed by calculation, p. p. of reri to reckon, to calculate. Related to Reason.
1. Amount of a charge or payment relative to some basis; SYN. charge per unit.
2. A magnitude or frequency relative to a time unit.
3. (British) A local tax on property (usually used in the plural).
ETYM Old Eng. reule, riule, Old Fren. riule, reule, French régle, from Latin regula a ruler, rule, model, from regere, rectum, to lead straight, to direct. Related to Right, Regular.
1. A systematic body of regulations defining the way of life of members of a religious order.
2. A principle or condition that customarily governs behavior; SYN. regulation.
3. A rule describing (or prescribing) a linguistic practice; SYN. linguistic rule.
4. Prescribed guide for conduct or action; SYN. prescript.
5. Directions that define the way a game or sport is to be conducted.
6. (Mathematics) A standard procedure for solving a class of problems; SYN. formula.
7. The duration of a monarch's or government's power.
8. A strip of wood or metal or plastic with a straight edge that is used for drawing straight lines and measuring lengths; SYN. ruler.