ETYM AS. breád; akin to OFries. brâd, OS. brôd, Dutch brood, German brod, brot, Icel. brauth, Swed. and Dan. bröd. The root is probably that of Eng. brew. Related to Brew.
Food made from dough of flour or meal and usually raised with yeast or baking powder and then baked; SYN. breadstuff, staff of life.
Food baked from a kneaded dough or batter made with ground cereals, usually wheat, and water; many other ingredients may be added. The dough may be unleavened or raised (usually with yeast).
Bread has been a staple of human diet in many civilizations as long as agriculture has been practiced, and some hunter-gatherer peoples made it from crushed acorns or beech nuts. Potato, banana, and cassava bread are among some local varieties, but most breads are made from fermented cereals which form glutens when mixed with water.
The earliest bread was unleavened and was made from a mixture of flour and water and dried in the sun on flat stones. Leavened bread was first made in the ancient Near East and Egypt in brick ovens similar to ceramic kilns. The yeast creates gas, making the dough rise. Traditionally bread has been made from whole grains: wheat, barley, rye, and oats, ground into a meal which varied in quality. Modern manufacturing processes have changed this to optimize the profit and shorten the manufacturing time. Fermentation is speeded up using ascorbic acid and potassium bromide with fast-acting flour improvers. White bread was developed by the end of the 19th century. Roller-milling, which removed wheat germ, satisfied consumer demand for finer flour, but it removed important fiber and nutrient content at the same time.
Today, some of the nutrients removed in the modern processing of bread, such as vitamins, are synthetically replaced.
bunce / bəns /
cash / kæʃ /
Sinonimi: immediate payment
ETYM French caisse case, box, cash box, cash. Related to Case a box.
1. Money in the form of bills or coins.
2. Prompt payment for goods or services in currency or by check; SYN. immediate payment.
coin / kɔɪn /
ETYM French coin, formerly also coing, wedge, stamp, corner, from Latin cuneus wedge; prob. akin to Eng. cone, hone. Related to Hone, Coigne, Quoin, Cuneiform.
A metal piece (usually a disc) used as money.
Acronym for counter insurgency, the suppression by a state’s armed forces of uprisings against the state. Also called internal security (is) operations of counterrevolutionary warfare (crw).
Form of money. The right to make and issue coins is a state monopoly, and the great majority are tokens in that their face value is greater than that of the metal of which they consist.
A milled edge, originally used on gold and silver coins to avoid fraudulent “clipping” of the edges of precious-metal coins, is retained in some present-day token coinage. The invention of coinage is attributed to the Chinese in the 2nd millennium bc, the earliest types being small-scale bronze reproductions of barter objects such as knives and spades. In the Western world, coinage of stamped, guaranteed weight originated with the Lydians of Asia Minor (early 7th century bc) who used electrum, a local natural mixture of gold and silver; the first to issue gold and silver coins was Croesus of Lydia in the 6th century bc.
The study of coins is called numismatics.
cole / kol /
ETYM Old Eng. col, caul, AS. cawl, cawel, from Latin caulis, the stalk or stem of a plant, esp. a cabbage stalk, cabbage.
A kind of cabbage.
coriander seed / ˌkɔːriˈændər ˈsiːd /
The ripened dried fruit of coriander used as a flavoring .
crap / kræp /
1 — used as an attributive form of craps
2. A throw of 2, 3, or 12 in the game of craps losing the shooter his bet unless he has a point — called also craps — compare natural
ETYM Cf. Late Lat. currentia a current, from Latin currens, p. pr. of currere to run. Related to Current.
1. A current state of general acceptance and use; SYN. vogue.
2. General acceptance or use.
3. The metal or paper medium of exchange that is presently used.
The type of money in use in a country; for example, the US dollar, the Australian dollar, the UK pound sterling, the German Deutschmark, and the Japanese yen.
devoir / dəvwɑːr /
ETYM French, from Latin debere to owe. Related to Due.
(French) duty; best of which one is capable pl. respects; attentions; courtesy.
Formal expression of respect.
What is due; duty.
dibs / dɪbz /
1 slang; money especially in small amounts
2. Claim, rights
A small graphical element used for decorative purposes in a document. Some fonts, such as Zapf Dingbats, are designed to present sets of dingbats. See also font. Compare bullet.
Non-alphanumeric character, such as a star, bullet, or arrow. Dingbats have been combined into PostScript and TrueType fonts for use with word processors and graphics programs.
dosh / dɑːʃ /
dough / doʊ /
dropsy / drɑːpsi /
ETYM Old Eng. dropsie, dropesie, Old Fren. idropisie, French hydropisie, Latin hydropisis, Greek from hydro water. Related to Water, Hydropsy.
An unnatural collection of serous fluid in any serous cavity of the body, or in the subcutaneous cellular tissue.
Old-fashioned name for edema.
ducat / duːkət /
ETYM French ducat, Italian ducato, Late Lat. ducatus, from dux leader or commander. Related to Duke.
Formerly a gold coin of various European countries.
Former gold and silver coin of several countries.
ducket / dʌkɪt /
duckett / dəkət /
fund / fənd /
Sinonimi: monetary fund
ETYM Old Fren. font, fond, nom. fonz, bottom, ground, French fond bottom, foundation, fonds fund, from Latin fundus bottom, ground, foundation, piece of land. Related to Found to establish.
A reserve of money set aside for some purpose; SYN. monetary fund.
lucre / luːkər /
ETYM French lucre, Latin lucrum.
Money; profit; riches; -- often in a pejorative sense.
Sordid gain; riches; money; gain.
money / mʌni /
ETYM Old Eng. moneie, Old Fren. moneie, French monnaie, from Latin moneta. Related to Mint place where coin is made, Mind, Moidore, Monetary.
1. The most common medium of exchange; functions as legal tender.
2. The official currency issued by a government or national bank.
3. Wealth reckoned in terms of money.
Any common medium of exchange acceptable in payment for goods or services or for the settlement of debts; legal tender. Money is usually coinage (invented by the Chinese in the second millennium bc) and paper notes (used by the Chinese from about ad 800). Developments such as the check and credit card fulfill many of the traditional functions of money. In 1994 Mondex electronic money was introduced experimentally in Swindon, Wiltshire, England.
Currency issued by a government or central bank and consisting of printed paper that can circulate as a substitute for specie; SYN. folding money, paper currency. papermoney, paper-money
purse / pɝːs /
ETYM Old Eng. purs, pors, Old Fren. burse, borse, bourse, French bourse, Late Lat. bursa, from Greek byrsa hide, skin, leather. Related to Bourse, Bursch, Bursar, Buskin.
1. A small bag for carrying money.
2. A sum of money offered as a prize.
3. A sum of money spoken of as the contents of a money purse.
ETYM Old Eng. robows, robeux, rubble, originally an Old French plural from an assumed dim. of robe.
Worthless material that is discarded; SYN. trash.
soap / soʊp /
Money offered as a bribe.
tin / tɪn /
1. A vessel (box, can, pan, etc.) made of tinplate and used mainly in baking
2. Metal container for storing dry foods such as tea or flour
3. Airtight sealed metal container for food or drink or paint etc.