ETYM Latin animatio, from animare.
1. Quality of being active or spirited or vigorous; SYN. spiritedness.
2. The condition of living or the state of being alive; SYN. life, living, aliveness.
3. The making of animated cartoons.
4. The property of being able to survive and grow; SYN. vitality.
Films in which drawings are photographed to create the illusion of movement, usually by means of exposing the film frame by frame. Alternative forms include use of puppets or other objects. The key exponent of cartoon animation was Walt Disney, but a reaction to his representational style subsequently produced a more graphic approach by both American rivals and Eastern European practitioners.