ETYM Old Eng. memorie, Old Fren. memoire, memorie, French mémoire, Latin memoria, from memor mindful; cf. mora delay. Related to Demur, Martyr, Memoir, Remember.
Ability to store and recall observations and sensations. Memory does not seem to be based in any particular part of the brain; it may depend on changes to the pathways followed by nerve impulses as they move through the brain. Memory can be improved by regular use as the connections between nerve cells (neurons) become “well-worn paths” in the brain. Events stored in short-term memory are forgotten quickly, whereas those in long-term memory can last for many years, enabling recall of information and recognition of people and places over long periods of time.
Short-term memory is the most likely to be impaired by illness or drugs whereas long-term memory is very resistant to such damage. Memory changes with age and otherwise healthy people may experience a natural decline after the age of about 40. Research is just beginning to uncover the biochemical and electrical bases of the human memory.1. The power of retaining and recalling past experience; SYN. retention, retentiveness.
2. Something that is remembered.
3. The area of cognitive psychology that studies memory processes.
4. The cognitive processes whereby past experience is remembered; SYN. remembering.
5. An electronic memory device; SYN. storage, store, memory board.
ETYM as. mynd, gemynd.
1. That which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason; SYN. head, brain, psyche, nous.
2. Knowledge and intellectual ability; SYN. intellect.
3. One's intention; what one intends to do; SYN. idea.
4. Recall or remembrance.
6. An intellectual being; SYN. thinker.
In philosophy, the presumed mental or physical being or faculty that enables a person to think, will, and feel; the seat of the intelligence and of memory; sometimes only the cognitive or intellectual powers, as distinguished from the will and the emotions.
Mind may be seen as synonymous with the merely random chemical reactions within the brain, or as a function of the brain as a whole, or (more traditionally) as existing independently of the physical brain, through which it expresses itself, or even as the only reality, matter being considered the creation of intelligence. The relation of mind to matter may be variously regarded. Traditionally, materialism identifies mental and physical phenomena equally in terms of matter and motion. Dualism holds that mind and matter exist independently side by side. Idealism maintains that mind is the ultimate reality and that matter does not exist apart from it.
ETYM Old Fren. remembrance.
1. The act of remembering; a holding in mind, or bringing to mind; recollection.
2. The state of being remembered, or held in mind; memory; recollection.
3. Something remembered; a person or thing kept in memory.
4. That which serves to keep in or bring to mind; a memorial; a token; a memento; a souvenir; a memorandum or note of something to be remembered.