Pastirska pesma; poz. komad sa pevanjem iz seoskog života, pastirska igra; muz. komad pastirskog, idiličnog karaktera. (lat.)
/ pæstʌrəlaɪz /
Množina reči pastorale je pastorales.
pastoral · idyll
idyll · pastoral
A musical composition that evokes rural life; SYN. pastoral, idyll.
Work of art, literature, music, or a musical play that depicts the countryside or rural life, often in an idyllic way. Pastoral scenes were popular in classical Greece and Rome (for instance, Virgil’s Eclogues), and again in the 15th to 18th centuries (for example, Handel’s masque Acis and Galatea 1718). They were frequently peopled with shepherds and shepherdesses or with mythological figures, such as nymphs and satyrs.
Often in moderate compound time (6/8 or 12/8) with a tonic pedal point (static bass note) derived from the drone of a shepherd’s pipes, the pastorale originated in Italy, where, as part of the Christmas tradition, shepherds came into the towns playing music. Examples include J S Bach’s Pastorale from his Christmas Oratorio 1734 and Handel’s Sinfonia Pastorale from his Messiah 1742.
The concept of the pastorale as a stage performance developed during the 16th century, based on a legendary or pastoral subject. One of the ancestors of opera, this related genre became popular in the 17th and 18th centuries.