ETYM Old Eng. bileafe, bileve; cf. AS. geleáfa. Related to Believe.
1. A religious doctrine that is proclaimed as true without proof; SYN. dogma, tenet.
2. Any cognitive content held as true.
Assent to the truth of propositions, statements, or facts. In philosophy, belief that something is the case is contrasted with knowledge, because we only say we believe that something is the case when we are unjustified in claiming to know that it is.
Although they undoubtedly affect behavior, beliefs cannot be analyzed solely in behavioral terms, since a person can believe that he or she is unselfish and yet still be very selfish. French philosopher René Descartes held that the assent to the truth of a proposition is a matter of will, whereas the Scot David Hume held that it is an emotional condition.
In religion, belief is based on acceptance of the reported existence, acts, and teachings of religious figures, not witnessed first-hand but passed down the generations in written form and ritual.
ETYM Latin confidentia firm trust in, self-confidence: cf. French confidence.
1. A feeling of trust (in someone or something).
2. A secret that is confided or entrusted to another.
3. A state of confident hopefulness that events will be favorable.
4. A trustful relationship; SYN. trust.
ETYM Late Lat. credentia, from Latin credens, -entis, p. pr. of credere to trust, believe: cf. Old Fren. credence. Related to Creed, Credent, Creance.
The mental attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true; SYN. acceptance.
Small table for holding sacred vessels.
Belief; Ecclesiastical, small table or sideboard for sacred vessels.
ETYM French crédit (cf. Italian credito), Latin creditum loan, prop. neut. of creditus, p. p. of credere to trust, loan, believe. Related to Creed.
In education, a system of evaluating courses so that a partial qualification or unit from one institution is accepted by another on transfer to complete a course. At US universities and colleges, the term also refers to the number of units given upon successful completion of a course.
Credit transferability is common in higher education in the US, and is just beginning to be developed between institutions in the UK.1. An accounting entry acknowledging income or capital items; SYN. credit entry.
2. An entry on a list of persons who contributed to a film or written work.
3. Arrangement for deferred payment for goods and services; SYN. deferred payment.
4. Educational recognition that a course of studies has been successfully completed; SYN. course credit.
5. Money available for a client to borrow.
6. Used in the phrase to indicate an achievement deserving praise.
ETYM Old Eng. trust, trost, Icel. traust confidence, security; akin to Dan. and Swed. tröst comfort, consolation, German trost, Goth. trausti a convention, covenant, and Eng. true. Related to True, Tryst.
1. A consortium of companies formed to limit competition; SYN. combine, cartel.
2. Something (as property) held by one party (the trustee) for the benefit of another (the beneficiary).
3. The trait of trusting; of believing in the honesty and reliability of others; SYN. trustingness, trustfulness.
Arrangement whereby a person or group of people (the trustee or trustees) hold property for others (the beneficiaries) entitled to the beneficial interest. A trust can be a legal arrangement under which A is empowered to administer property belonging to B for the benefit of c. A and B may be the same person; B and C may not.
A unit trust holds and manages a number of marketable securities; by buying a “unit” in such a trust, the purchaser has a proportionate interest in each of the securities so that his or her risk is spread. Nowadays, an investment trust is not a trust, but a public company investing in marketable securities money subscribed by its stockholders who receive dividends from the income earned. A charitable trust, such as the Ford Foundation, administers funds for charitable purposes.
A business trust is formed by linking several companies by transferring shares in them to trustees; or by the creation of a holding company, whose shares are exchanged for those of the separate companies. Competition is thus eliminated, and in the us both types were outlawed by the Sherman Antitrust Act 1890 (first fully enforced by “trust buster” Theodore Roosevelt, as in the breakup of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey by the Supreme Court 1911).