ETYM Latin ablutio, from abluere: cf. French ablution. Related to Abluent.
Act of washing; Washing for a religious purpose. For example, Hindus wash before praying, preferably in running water, and washing in certain rivers, especially the Ganges, is believed to give spiritual benefit.
Muslims wash themselves (wudu) before prayers, but this is seen as a mark of respect for God and a preparation for prayer rather than conferring any benefit in itself.
Belief in ablution as purification are found in Christianity and Shinto.
In Japanese myth, for example, Izanagi purifies himself by washing in a river after visiting the netherworld. The emphasis in Shinto is on cleansing to remove defilement, not to purify from sin.
The act of washing oneself (or another person); SYN. washup, bathing.
sponge / spəndʒ /
Sinonimi: poriferan · parazoan
ETYM Old Fren. esponge, French éponge, Latin spongia, Greek. Related to Fungus, Spunk.
Any saclike simple invertebrate of the phylum Porifera, usually marine. A sponge has a hollow body, its cavity lined by cells bearing flagellae, whose whiplike movements keep water circulating, bringing in a stream of food particles. The body walls are strengthened with protein (as in the bath sponge) or small spikes of silica, or a framework of calcium carbonate.
1. A porous pad of rubber, cellulose, or sponge used as a cleaning tool.
2. A porous mass of interlacing fibers the forms the internal skeleton of various marine animals and usable to absorb water.
3. Primitive multicellular marine animal whose porous body is supported by a fibrous skeletal framework; usually occurs in sessile colonies; SYN. poriferan, parazoan.
ETYM Western u. s.
1. The work of washing or cleansing; SYN. washing.
2. The laundry.
3. A watercolor made by applying a series of monochrome washes one over the other; SYN. wash drawing.
4. A thin coat of water-base paint.
5. (Informal) Any enterprise in which losses and gains cancel out.
6. (Western United States) The dry bed of an intermittent stream (as at the bottom of a canyon); SYN. dry wash.