/ ɑːrkətaɪp /
ETYM Latin archetypum, Greek archetypon, from archetypos stamped first and as model; arche = archi + typos stamp, figure, pattern, typtein to strike: cf. French archétype. Related to Arch-, pref.
1. The original pattern or model of a work; or the model from which a thing is made or formed.
2. The standard weight or coin by which others are adjusted.
3. The plan or fundamental structure on which a natural group of animals or plants or their systems of organs are assumed to have been constructed; such as.
Typical or perfect specimen of its kind. In the psychology of Carl Jung, it refers to one of the basic roles or situations, received from the collective unconscious, in which people tend to cast themselves—such as the Hero, the Terrible Mother (stepmother, witch); death and rebirth. Archetypes are recurring motifs in myth, art, and literature.
The figure of the Wanderer condemned to roam the earth until released from a curse appears in the Greek legend of Odysseus, in the story of the Wandering Jew (told throughout Europe from the 16th century on), and in the hero of Richard Wagner’s opera The Flying Dutchman.