The state of being polluted; SYN. defilement, pollution.
carrion / keriən /
Množina reči carrion je carrions.
ETYM Old Eng. caroyne, Old Fren. caroigne, French charogne, Late Lat. caronia, from Latin caro flesh Cf. Crone, Crony.
1. Dead and rotting flesh; unfit for human food.
2. The dead and rotting body of an animal.
ETYM Old Eng. drit; kin to Icel. drit excrement, drîta to dung, od. drijten to dung, as. gedrîtan.
The state of being covered with unclean things; SYN. filth, grime, soil, stain, grease.
A filthy or soiling substance (as mud, dust, or grime) c archaic; something worthless.
ETYM AS. dung; akin to German dung, dünger, Old High Germ. tunga, Swed. dynga; cf. Icel. dyngja heap, Dan. dynge, Mid. High Germ. tunc underground dwelling place, orig., covered with dung. Related to Dingy.
The excrement of an animal.
Waste matter excreted by living animals. Dung may also serve as a marker through the addition of scents from the anal glands, whether for determining territorial boundaries or as an indication of status within a group.
Some animals, such as rabbits, may reingest dung immediately after excretion and continue digesting it, a process known as refection. In addition to being broken down by bacteria, animal dung provides food for many invertebrates, especially beetles and flies, and provides a habitat for certain species of fungi and plants such as stinging nettles.
Australia's 22 million cattle produce 120 million hectares of dung annually according to estimates 1995.
ETYM Old Eng. filthe, fulthe, AS. fileth;, from fűl foul; akin to Old High Germ. fűlida. Related to Foul, File.
A state characterized by foul or disgusting dirt and refuse; SYN. filthiness, foulness, nastiness.
ETYM Cf. Dan. grim, griim, lampblack, soot, grime, Icel. grîma mask, sort of hood, OD. grijmsel, grimsel, soot, smut, and Eng. grimace.
Dirt; any filthy matter, esp. if it is gritty and has been rubbed in or deeply ingrained.
ETYM Old Eng. mes, Old Fren. mets, Late Lat. missum, p. p. of mittere to put, place (e.g., on the table), Latin mittere to send. Related to Mission, Mass religious service.
(Irregular plural: messes).
1. A state of confusion and disorderliness; SYN. messiness, muss, mussiness.
2. A (large) military dining room where service personnel eat or relax; SYN. mess hall.
3. A meal eaten by service personnel.
4. Soft semiliquid food.
ETYM Latin obscentias: cf.French obscénité.
1. An obscene act.
2. Obscene word or phrase; SYN. vulgarism.
3. The trait of behaving in an obscene manner; SYN. lewdness, bawdiness, salaciousness, salacity.
ETYM Akin to Swed. smuts, Dan. smuds, Mid. High Germ. smuz, German schmutz, Dutch smet a spot or stain, smoddig, smodsig, smodderig, dirty, smodderen to smut; and probably to Eng. smite. Related to Smite, Smitt, Smutch.
1. Any fungus of the order Usrilaginales; SYN. smut fungus.
2. Destructive diseases of plants (especially cereal grasses) caused by fungi that produce black powdery masses of spores.
In botany, any parasitic fungus of the order Ustilaginales, which infects flowering plants, particularly cereal grasses.
The part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock; SYN. dirt.
Loose covering of broken rocky material and decaying organic matter overlying the bedrock of the Earth’s surface. Various types of soil develop under different conditions: deep soils form in warm wet climates and in valleys; shallow soils form in cool dry areas and on slopes. Pedology, the study of soil, is significant because of the relative importance of different soil types to agriculture.
The organic content of soil is widely variable, ranging from zero in some desert soils to almost 100% in peats.