tangible object caused to appear by spiritualist medium; production of such object.
attitude / ætətuːd /
Sinonimi: mental attitude
ETYM Italian attitudine, Late Lat. aptitudo, from Latin aptus suited, fitted: cf. French attitude. Related to Aptitude.
1. A complex mental orientation involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways; SYN. mental attitude.
2. A theatrical pose created for effect.
3. Position of aircraft or spacecraft relative to a frame of reference (the horizon or direction of motion).
ETYM Old Eng. manere, French maničre, from Old Fren. manier, adj, manual, skillful, handy, from (assumed) Late Lat. manarius, for Latin manuarius belonging to the hand, from manus the hand. Related to Manual.
1. A kind.
2. A manner of performance; SYN. mode, style, way, fashion.
3. A way of acting or behaving; SYN. personal manner.
pose / poʊz /
1. A sustained posture; especially; one assumed for artistic effect
2. An attitude, role, or characteristic assumed for effect
3. A position, especially the position one adopts for a portrait or a photograph.
posture / pɑːstʃər /
ETYM French, from Latin positura, from ponere, positum, to place. Related to Position.
1. The position of the body; the situation or disposition of the several parts of the body with respect to each other, or for a particular purpose.
2. The erect or proper position of the body.
3. (Fine Arts), the position of a figure with regard to the several principal members by which action is expressed; attitude.
1. A politically organized body of people under a single government; SYN. nation, country, land, commonwealth, res publica, body politic.
2. The territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation; SYN. province.
3. The group of people comprising the government of a sovereign state
4. The way something is with respect to its main attributes
5. (Informal) A state of depression or agitation
Territory that forms its own domestic and foreign policy, acting through laws that are typically decided by a government and carried out, by force if necessary, by agents of that government. It can be argued that growth of regional international bodies such as the European Union (formerly the European Community) means that states no longer enjoy absolute sovereignty.
Although most states are members of the United Nations, this is not a completely reliable criterion: some are not members by choice, like Switzerland; some have been deliberately excluded, like Taiwan; and some are members but do not enjoy complete national sovereignty. The classic definition of a state is given by R M MacIver (The Modern State 1926): “An association which, acting through law as promulgated by a government endowed to this end with coercive power, maintains within a community territorially demarcated the universal external conditions of social order.” There are four essential elements in this definition: that people have formed an association to create and preserve social order; that the community comprising the state is clearly defined in territorial terms; that the government representing the people acts according to promulgated laws; and that it has power to enforce these laws.
Today, the state is seen as the nation state so that any community that has absolute sovereignty over a specific area is a state. Thus the so-called states of the us, which are to some degree subject to the will of the federal government, are not states in international terms, nor are colonial or similar possessions, which, too, are subject to an overriding authority.