/ əkædəmi /
ETYM French académie, Latin academia. Related to Academe.
1. A learned institution for the advancement of knowledge.
2. A school for special training.
3. A secondary school (usually private).
4. An institution for the advancement of art or science or literature; SYN. honorary society.
Originally, the Greek school of philosophy founded by Plato in the gardens of Academe, NW of Athens; it was closed by the Byzantine emperor Justinian I, with the other pagan schools, in AD 529. The first academy (in the present-day sense of a recognized society established for the promotion of one or more of the arts and sciences) was the Museum of Alexandria, founded by Ptolemy Soter in the 3rd century BC.