ETYM Old Eng. bounte goodness, kindness, French bonté, from Latin bonitas, from bonus good, for older duonus; cf. Skr. duvas honor, respect.
1. Generosity evidenced by a willingness to give freely; SYN. bounteousness.
2. Payment or reward (esp. from a government) for acts such as catching criminals or killing predatory animals or enlisting in the military; SYN. premium.
subsidy / sʌbsədi /
Množina reči subsidy je subsidies.
ETYM Latin subsidium the troops stationed in reserve in the third line of battlem reserve, support, help, from subsidere to sit down, lie in wait: cf. French subside. Related to Subside.
A grant paid by a government to an enterprise that benefits the public.
Government payment or concession granted to a state or private company, or an individual. A subsidy may be provided to keep prices down, to stimulate the market for a particular product, or because it is perceived to be in the public interest.
The payment of subsidies may distort the market, create shortages, reduce efficiency, or waste resources that could be used more beneficially elsewhere. Export subsidies are usually condemned because they represent unfair competition.
Many countries provide subsidies for transport systems and public utilities such as water, gas, and electricity supplies.
Subsidies are also given for art, science, and religion when they cannot be self-supporting to the standards perceived desirable.
ETYM French, from Late Lat. subventio, from Latin subvenire to come up to one's assistance, to assist. Related to Souvenir, Subvene.
1. Grant of financial aid as from a government to an educational institution.
2. The act or process of providing aid or help of any sort.
3. Granting of money in aid.