ETYM Old Fren. action, Latin actio, from agere to do. Related to Act.
1. Something done (usually as opposed to something said).
2. An act by a government body or supranational organization.
3. The operating part that transmits power to a mechanism.
4. The series of events that form a plot.
5. The state of being active; SYN. activity, activeness.
6. The trait of being active and energetic and forceful.
7. The most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field
The administration of justice according to established rules and principles, based on the principle that a person cannot be deprived of life or liberty or property without appropriate legal procedures and safeguards.
ETYM French, from Latin justitia, from justus just. Related to Just.
1. The administration of law; the act of determining rights and assigning rewards or punishments; SYN. judicature.
2. The quality of being just or fair; SYN. justness.
A goal of political activity and a subject of political inquiry since Plato. The term has been variously defined as fairness, equity, rightness, the equal distribution of resources, and positive discrimination in favor of underprivileged groups. It is most directly applied to the legal systems of states, and to decisions made by the recognized authorities within them.